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The addition of acetonitrile to aqueous buffers to prepare RP HPLC mobile phases changes the buffer properties (pH and buffer capacity). This variation is studied for ace tate, phosphate, phthalate, citrate, and ammonia buffers in acetonitrile-water mixtures up to 60% in acetonitrile (v/v). Equations are proposed to relate pH and buffer capacity change of(More)
Tissue factor (TF) has well-recognized roles as initiator of blood coagulation as well as an intracellular signaling receptor. TF signaling regulates gene transcription and protein translation. Recently, we have shown that TF-induced mature neovessel formation is ultimately driven by CCL2 expression. However, the signaling process induced by TF to promote(More)
The objective of this work was to discover a novel, long-acting muscarinic M(3) antagonist for the inhaled treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), with a potentially improved risk-benefit profile compared with current antimuscarinic agents. A series of novel quaternary ammonium derivatives of (3R)-quinuclidinol esters were synthesized and(More)
Angiogenesis during reactive and pathologic processes is characteristically associated with inflammation. Inflammatory cells participate in angiogenesis by secreting different molecules that affect endothelial cell functions. We had previously shown that induced tissue factor (TF) expression in activated microvascular endothelial cells (mEC) is able to(More)
We have shown previously that using a trifluoroethanol containing mobile phase provides a unique chromatographic selectivity. This is essential to derive molecular descriptors by HPLC which requires retention data from several systems. It also requires that the ionisation is suppressed so that retention times reflect the properties of the neutral molecules.(More)
Novel quaternary ammonium derivatives of N,N-disubstituted (3R)-quinuclidinyl carbamates have been identified as potent M(3) muscarinic antagonists with long duration of action in an in vivo model of bronchoconstriction. These compounds have also presented a high level of metabolic transformation (human liver microsomes). The synthesis, structure-activity(More)
Linear relationships between sspKa values in acetonitrile-water mixtures and wwpKa values in pure water have been established for five families of compounds: aliphatic carboxylic acids, aromatic carboxylic acids, phenols, amines, and pyridines. The parameters (slope and intercept) of the linear correlations have been related with acetonitrile-water(More)
A global linear solvation energy relationship (LSER) that simultaneously models retention in reversed-phase liquid chromatography as a function of solute LSER descriptors and mobile phase pH and composition has been derived from both the local LSER model and the linear solvent strength theory. At most only 13 mobile phase parameters and seven solute(More)
Novel quaternary ammonium derivatives of (3R)-quinuclidinyl amides have been identified as potent M3 muscarinic antagonists with a long duration of action in an in vivo model of bronchoconstriction. The synthesis, structure-activity relationships and biological evaluation of this series of compounds are reported.
The selectivity of Luna C18 Xterra C18 and Fluophase (perfluorinated C6) stationary phases has been investigated with aqueous acetonitrile, methanol and 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol mobile phases using linear solvation equations. The gradient retention times of a set of 60 compounds with known molecular descriptors have been determined. Linear solvation equations(More)