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Spirulina maxima, which is used as a food additive, is a microalga rich in protein and other essential nutrients. Spirulina contains phenolic acids, tocopherols and beta-carotene which are known to exhibit antioxidant properties. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the antioxidant capacity of a Spirulina extract. The antioxidant activity of a(More)
The scientific establishment has been discussing the relationship between aging and oxidative stress for quite some time now. While we are still far from a general agreement about this subject, there is an impressive amount of data collected that can be used to draw a compelling picture of the events that take place during the human aging process and their(More)
The development of an oxidative stress condition in the liver by lindane intoxication is discussed as a possible hepatotoxic mechanism of the insecticide. Lindane is metabolized by liver microsomal enzymes to a variety of metabolites, which are susceptible of conjugation for proper elimination. In addition, the interaction of lindane with the liver tissue(More)
Oxidative stress-related parameters in rat brain and liver were evaluated following acute (60 mg/kg i.p., 2 and 24 h after dosing) or short-term (1000 ppm in the diet for 90 days) lindane administration. Both treatments elicited a significant accumulation of lindane in brain and liver, with convulsions observed in short-term and 24-h lindane-treated rats.(More)
1. Lindane (60 mg/kg) administered orally to rats increased liver cytochrome P-450 content and superoxide radical (O2-.) generation 24 h after treatment, while formation of thiobarbituric acid reactants and NADPH/ADP-supported microsomal chemiluminescence were significantly increased 4 h after treatment. 2. Hepatic superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase(More)
The association between an in vivo oxidative stress condition of the liver and hepatic porphyria during HCB intoxication is postulated. After 30 days of treatment, HCB (25 mg/kg b.w.) promotes an induction of microsomal cytochrome P450 system, increase in microsomal superoxide anion generation accompanied by increased levels of liver lipid peroxidation, as(More)
Oxidative stress is considered a possible molecular mechanism involved in Pb neurotoxicity. Considering the vulnerability of the developing brain to Pb neurotoxicity, this study was carried out to investigate the effects of low-level developmental Pb exposure on brain regions antioxidant enzymes activities. Wister dams were exposed to 500 ppm of Pb, as Pb(More)
Changes in rat liver oxidative stress-related parameters, morphological alterations, as well as circulating and tissue levels of lindane were studied 1-7 days after the administration of a single dose of 60 mg of lindane/kg. One day after lindane treatment, a significant enhancement in the oxidative stress status of the liver was observed, characterized by(More)
Rats treated with diets containing 20 ppm of alpha- or gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) for 15 or 30 days showed increased levels of liver cytochrome P-450 followed by increased production of both thiobarbituric acid reactants by liver homogenates and microsomes and superoxide anion production by liver microsomes. In these animals superoxide dismutase(More)
The administration of single i.p. doses of lindane (20, 40, 60 and 80 mg/kg) to rats produced a progressive increase in the liver microsomal content of cytochrome P-450 and in the rate of superoxide anion generation, as measured by adrenochrome formation. A dose-dependent increase in lipid peroxidation of liver homogenates, assessed by measuring(More)