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This article explores the close relationships between growth rate and allometries of molluscan shells. After reviewing the previous theoretical approaches devoted to the understanding of shell form and its morphogenesis, we present a free-form vector model which can simulate apertural shape changes and nonlinear allometries. Shell morphology is generated by(More)
In recent years, developmental plasticity has received increasing attention. Specifically, some studies highlighted a possible association between shell shape and growth rates in intertidal gastropods. We use a growth vector model to study how hypothetical growth processes could underlie developmental plasticity in molluscs. It illustrates that variation in(More)
The origin of jaws remains largely an enigma that is best addressed by studying fossil and living jawless vertebrates. Conodonts were eel-shaped jawless animals, whose vertebrate affinity is still disputed. The geometrical analysis of exceptional three-dimensionally preserved clusters of oro-pharyngeal elements of the Early Triassic Novispathodus, imaged(More)
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