Séverine Audusseau

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IL-33, a new member of the IL-1 cytokine family, promotes Th2 inflammation, but evidence on the implications of this cytokine in asthma is lacking. IL-33 would be mainly expressed by structural cells, but whether proinflammatory cytokines modulate its expression in airway smooth muscle cells (ASMC) is unknown. Endobronchial biopsies were obtained from(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an inflammatory disorder marked by relative resistance to steroids. The IL-17 superfamily, which mediates cross-talk between the adaptive and innate immune systems, has been associated with diminished responses to steroids. Increasing evidence supports elevated IL-17 expression in the lung of COPD(More)
Beryllium is used in a wide variety of industries. Chronic beryllium disease is the most common occupational disease among workers following exposure to Be. The objective of this study was to determine the immunologic effects of two different particle sizes of Be metal, <2.5 microm (fine Be or Be-F) and <10 microm (inhalable Be or Be-I) on C3H/HeJ mice(More)
This study aimed to determine the toxicity and toxicokinetic of three Be chemical species A total of 120 mice (four groups of 30) were nose-only exposed. The first group was used as a control while the three others were exposed to 250 microg m(-3) of fine particles of three different Be species (Be metal, Be-F; Be oxide, BeO-F; Be aluminium, BeAl-F).(More)
BACKGROUND Eosinophilic airway inflammation is heterogeneous in asthmatic patients. We recently described a distinct subtype of asthma defined by the expression of genes inducible by T(H)2 cytokines in bronchial epithelium. This gene signature, which includes periostin, is present in approximately half of asthmatic patients and correlates with eosinophilic(More)
BACKGROUND IL-17E is a new TH2 cytokine that promotes airway eosinophilia in mice. IL-17E proinflammatory activity has been proposed to involve induction of cytokine and chemokine production. Recruitment of inflammatory cells may be mediated by tissue-resident cells. OBJECTIVE This study aimed to evaluate whether fibroblasts represent a target of IL-17E(More)
Cigarette smoke is the principal cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a disorder characterized by airway inflammation. As epithelial cells are the first line of defense against foreign material, the response of normal epithelial cells to smoke has been extensively studied. However, little is known about how epithelial cells derived from(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an inflammatory disorder marked by relative resistance to steroids. Inflammation and apoptosis have been suggested to be important mechanisms for COPD. Interleukin (IL)-17 superfamily has been associated with chronic inflammation and diminished responses to steroids. It is reasonable to consider that IL-17 may(More)
BACKGROUND Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) has potent anti-inflammatory and immune-modulating properties. IVIG has been utilized as a steroid-sparing agent in severe asthma, but the results of clinical trials have been conflicting. OBJECTIVE To determine whether IVIG is able to attenuate bronchial reactivity, pulmonary inflammation and T cell function(More)