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Trypanosoma cruzi specific sequences were amplified by the polymerase chain reaction from total blood of human chagasic patients and normal individuals. A 330 bp fragment originating from kinetoplast DNA was specifically detected in most chagasic individuals. We tested the sensitivity and specificity of this method in normal and affected individuals(More)
Much has been achieved in one century after Carlos Chagas' discovery. However, there is surely much to be done in the next decades. At present, we are witnessing many remarkable efforts to monitor the epidemiology of the disease, to better understand the biology of the T. cruzi and its interaction with human beings as well as the pathogenesis and(More)
Electrocardiographic repolarization parameters are potential markers of arrhythmogenic risk and have not been evaluated in Chagas' disease. The aim of this report was to investigate their associations with LV systolic function assessed by two-dimensional echocardiography. In a cross-sectional study involving 738 adult outpatients in the chronic phase of(More)
Among the cardiovascular diseases, heart failure (HF) has a high rate of hospitalization, morbidity and mortality, consuming vast resources of the public health system in Brazil and other countries. The correct determination of the filling pressures of the left ventricle by noninvasive or invasive assessment is critical to the proper treatment of patients(More)
BACKGROUND Left atrial (LA) and left ventricular (LV) diastolic function analysis can yield new strategies to recognize early cardiac involvement and prognostic indicators in Chagas disease. METHODS Patients with Chagas disease with the indeterminate (n = 69) or with the cardiac form (32 with changes limited to electrocardiography [stage A], 25 with(More)
Selenium (Se) deficiency is linked with some cardiomyopathies. Its status was determined in 170 patients with chronic Chagas' disease from 2 Brazilian regions (Rio de Janeiro and Belo Horizonte), clinically stratified into groups as follows: indeterminate or asymptomatic (IND); cardiac asymptomatic (CARDa); cardiac symptomatic with moderate to severe heart(More)
BACKGROUND The cardioembolic (CE) ischemic stroke is an important clinical manifestation of chronic chagasic cardiopathy; however, its incidence and the risk factors associated to this event have yet to be defined. OBJECTIVE To determine prevention strategies for a common and devastating complication of Chagas' disease, the cardioembolic (CE) ischemic(More)
BACKGROUND QT interval parameters are potential prognostic markers of arrhythmogenicity risk and cardiovascular mortality and have never been evaluated in Chagas' disease. METHODS AND RESULTS Outpatients (738) in the chronic phase of Chagas' disease were enrolled in a long-term follow-up study. Maximal heart rate-corrected QT (QTc) and T-wave peak-to-end(More)
BACKGROUND Parasympathetic dysfunction is an independent risk factor for mortality in heart failure for which there is no specific pharmacologic treatment. This article aims to determine the effect of pyridostigmine, an anticholinesterase agent, on the integrated physiologic responses to dynamic exercise in heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS Patients with(More)
Cardiac dysfunction with progressive fibrosis is a hallmark of Chagas disease. To evaluate the involvement of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 in this disease, TGF-beta1 levels in patients were measured at 3 stages: asymptomatic indeterminate (IND), cardiac with no or slight heart dysfunction (Card 1), and cardiac with moderate or severe heart(More)