Sérgio Luiz Saboya Arruda

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INTRODUCTION Leishmania braziliensis infection induces a large spectrum of lesions that clinically manifest as nodules or papules that progress to ulcers. Although it is already known that T helper cells predominate in the lesions, cytotoxic T cells have also been reported to be present, and their role in leishmaniasis immunopathogenesis is not well known.(More)
Thirty-year-old female with a previous history of a cutaneous ulcer suspicious of leishmaniasis 20 years ago presented with a new complaint of a depressed papular lesion 8 × 7 mm in the right lower extremity. The lesion was of 10-day duration. Because early cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) lesions may have a non-ulcerated appearance, a Leishmania skin test(More)
Mucosal leishmaniasis (ML) occurs mainly in areas where Leishmania braziliensis is transmitted. It affects predominantly the nasal mucosa and, in more severe forms, can lead to significant tissue destruction. There is no standard method for grading the severity of disease. We categorised 50 patients with ML according to a proposed new clinical staging(More)
Disseminated leishmaniasis (DL) differs from other clinical forms of the disease due to the presence of many non-ulcerated lesions (papules and nodules) in non-contiguous areas of the body. We describe the histopathology of DL non-ulcerated lesions and the presence of CD4-, CD20-, CD68-, CD31- and von Willebrand factor (vW)-positive cells in the inflamed(More)
BACKGROUND The existence of ectosome-like microvesicles released by neutrophils was proposed a few decades ago. Other studies revealed that the innate immune response during mycobacterial infection is accompanied by an intense migration of neutrophils to the site of infection, which may be important during the acute phase of tuberculosis. We found that the(More)
Author details Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saúde Pública, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. Laboratório Avançado de Saúde Pública, Centro de Pesquisas Gonçalo Moniz, Fiocruz, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro,Faculdade de Medicina, RJ, Brazil. Instituto de Medicina Tropical Alexander von Humboldt, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia,(More)
Tuberculin skin test (TST) response and cytokine production in finger stab-derived whole blood cultures from 136 BCG scar-positive school-age children were evaluated before and after BCG revaccination. Fifty-four percent of the children increased in vitro production of IFN-gamma after revaccination, and this increase was highly significant for previously(More)
The Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tb) infection is largely spread in world's population. Most infected individuals develop latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). Tuberculin skin test (TST) and interferon-gamma release assays (IGRAs) are the available tests to detect the infection. It has been reported that some individuals take a longer period of time to(More)
Objectives. We investigated IFN-γ levels before and after a six month course of isoniazid among individuals with latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in a high-transmission setting. Design. A total of 26 household contacts of pulmonary tuberculosis patients who were positive for LTBI by tuberculin skin test completed six months of treatment and submitted a(More)
AbstractCutaneous leishmaniasis (CL), characterized by an ulcerated lesion, is the most common clinical form of human leishmaniasis. Before the ulcer develops, patients infected with Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis present a small papule at the site of the sandfly bite, referred to as early cutaneous leishmaniasis (E-CL). Two to four weeks later the(More)