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The structure of mutualistic networks provides clues to processes shaping biodiversity [1-10]. Among them, interaction intimacy, the degree of biological association between partners, leads to differences in specialization patterns [4, 11] and might affect network organization [12]. Here, we investigated potential consequences of interaction intimacy for(More)
We present here the sequence of the mitochondrial genome of the basidiomycete phytopathogenic hemibiotrophic fungus Moniliophthora perniciosa, causal agent of the Witches' Broom Disease in Theobroma cacao. The DNA is a circular molecule of 109,103 base pairs, with 31.9% GC, and is the largest sequenced so far. This size is due essentially to the presence of(More)
The computationally challenging problem of reconstructing the phylogeny of a set of contemporary data, such as DNA sequences or morphological attributes, was treated by an extended version of the neighbor-joining (NJ) algorithm. The original NJ algorithm provides a single-tree topology, after a cascade of greedy pairing decisions that tries to(More)
The goal of this study was to develop conditional flocculant yeasts for use in the alcohol fermentation industry. Promoters were constructed to completely repress gene transcription in the presence of sugar and to support strong expression after the exhaustion of this compound. A fusion of regulatory regions of the ADH2 promoter with the FLO5 core promoter(More)
Individual-level diet variation can be easily quantified by gut-content analysis. However, because gut contents are a 'snapshot' of individuals' feeding habits, such cross-sectional data can be subject to sampling error and lead one to overestimate levels of diet variation. In contrast, stable isotopes reflect an individual's long-term diet, so isotope(More)
In this paper, we present a new shape analysis approach using the well-known wavelet transform and exploring shape representation by landmarks. First, we describe the approach adopted to represent the landmarks data as parametric signals. Then, we show the relation of the derivatives of Gaussian wavelet transform applied to the signal-to-differential(More)
Paulo R. Guimarães, Jr.,1,2,* Victor Rico-Gray,3 Paulo S. Oliveira,4 Thiago J. Izzo,5 Sérgio F. dos Reis,6 and John N. Thompson7 1Instituto de Fı́sica ‘‘Gleb Wataghin’’ Universidade Estadual de Campinas 6165 Campinas–São Paulo 13083-970 Brazil 2Integrative Ecology Group Estación Biológica de Doñana Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientı́ficas Apartado(More)
This paper presents the main steps to reconstruct phylogenetic trees using an evolutionary algorithm with a wide range of alternative computational procedures for fitness evaluation and for tuning the search engine. Due to the fine equilibrium between exploration and exploitation of the search space, high-quality reconstructions are obtained among an(More)