Sérgio Eduardo Demarzo

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Tracheotomy is a method of intubating the trachea, which is employed in several clinical settings, including the treatment of head and neck neoplasms. Tracheotomy is believed to facilitate weaning through changes in respiratory mechanics. Existing information concerning functional changes associated with tracheotomy are limited to comparisons with(More)
INTRODUCTION Pulmonary capillary pressure (PCP), together with the time constants of the various vascular compartments, define the dynamics of the pulmonary vascular system. Our objective in the present study was to estimate PCPs and time constants of the vascular system in patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH), and compare them(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) with or without isotonic saline instillation before tracheal suctioning. As a secondary objective, we compared the incidence of endotracheal tube occlusion and atelectasis. DESIGN Randomized clinical trial. SETTING AND PATIENTS The study was conducted in a medical surgical(More)
OBJECTIVE Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is a minimally invasive, safe and accurate method for collecting samples from mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes. This study focused on the initial results obtained with EBUS-TBNA for lung cancer and lymph node staging at three teaching hospitals in Brazil. METHODS This(More)
Objective: Conventional bronchoscopy has a low diagnostic yield for peripheral pulmonary lesions. Radial-probe EBUS employs a rotating ultrasound transducer at the end of a probe that is passed through the working channel of the bronchoscope. Radial-probe EBUS facilitates the localization of peripheral pulmonary nodules, thus increasing the diagnostic(More)
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