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The stability of candidate reference genes was evaluated in maize landrace varieties and during multiple grain developmental stages to evaluate the expression of carotenoid-related genes by RT-qPCR for application to maize biofortification. Vitamin A deficiency affects millions of children worldwide; therefore, increasing the content of vitamin A precursors(More)
In Brazil, oat (Avena sativa) is widely cultivated as a winter crop mainly in the south region. However, there are several species of nematodes that are of economic importance to oats and knowledge about the reaction of cultivars to root-knot and root-lesion nematodes is sparse. Thereby, in this present work we aimed to characterize the host response of(More)
The process of selection and validation of reference genes is the first step in studies of gene expression by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). The genome of lettuce, the most popular leaf vegetable cultivated worldwide, has recently been sequenced; therefore, suitable reference genes for reliable results in RT-qPCR analyses are(More)
MicroRNAs, or miRNAs, are endogenously encoded small RNAs that play a key role in diverse plant biological processes. Jatropha curcas L. has received significant attention as a potential oilseed crop for the production of renewable oil. Here, a sRNA library of mature seeds and three mRNA libraries from three different seed development stages were generated(More)
Plant carotenoids have been implicated in preventing several age-related diseases, and they also provide vitamin A precursors; therefore, increasing the content of carotenoids in maize grains is of great interest. It is not well understood, however, how the carotenoid biosynthetic pathway is regulated. Fortunately, the maize germplasm exhibits a high degree(More)
Tung oil, the major product of tung tree (Vernicia fordii) seeds, is one of the highest quality oils for industrial applications and has been considered for the production of biodiesel. Considering the poor agronomical traits of this crop, efforts have been made to breed tung trees for a higher fruit yield and oil property modification for biodiesel use or(More)
Long-chain fatty acids (LCFA) can inhibit methane production by methanogenic archaea. The effect of oleate and palmitate on pure cultures of Methanosaeta concilii and Methanosarcina mazei was assessed by comparing methane production rates from acetate before and after LCFA addition. For both methanogens, a sharp decrease in methane production (> 50%) was(More)
Meloidogyne javanica and M. arenaria were identified morphologically and through isozyme profiles from root samples collected from a garden in the municipality of Londrina, Paraná State, Brazil. To our knowledge, this is the first record of M. javanica and M. arenaria on calla in Brazil.
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