Learn More
Supernumerary teeth are extra teeth or toothlike structures which may have either erupted or unerupted in addition to the 20 deciduous teeth and the 32 permanent teeth. This article provides an overview of frequency, distribution and classification of supernumerary teeth. The etiology of supernumerary teeth is still unknown, yet various theories have been(More)
Autogenous bone is considered the optimal grafting material for sinus lifting, although its harvesting causes great patient discomfort. Various approaches have been taken in order to obtain sinus lifting with preexisting tissue. However, because of the unsuitability of such tissue, additional materials have been required. Alternatively, biomaterials from(More)
INTRODUCTION Alveolar bone seems to play a key role in providing support to the teeth, which are anchored to the bone by desmodontal fibers. The progressive alveolar bone resorption process occurs due to a loss of anatomic, biologic and mechanical factors. Mechanical stimulation of alveolar bone during mastication is crucial in keeping the teeth and(More)
Titanium is the ideal metal for intra-osseous dental implants. It permits the natural formation of an oxide layer on its surface and thereby it prevents the release of potentially toxic molecules. New formation of bone around implants, partially placed into the bone marrow cavity, is a gradual process that runs from the endosteum to the surface of the(More)
Dental implant materials are required to enable good apposition of bone and soft tissues. They must show sufficient resistance to chemical, physical and biological stress in the oral cavity to achieve good long-term outcomes. A critical issue is the apposition of the soft tissues, as they have provided a quasi-physiological closure of oral cavity. The(More)
PURPOSE To examine the biologic response to titanium implant surfaces treated with a neodymium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser. MATERIALS AND METHODS Sixty mini-implants made of grade 2 titanium were placed in the femora of 30 Wistar rats. Thirty implants had a machined surface and the other 30 had surfaces that were roughened by laser treatment. The(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this article is to evaluate the bone healing around 2 different dental implant surfaces after the lateralization surgery of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) during an 8-week healing period in rabbits, and to check if there is any interaction between the implants and the nerve. MATERIALS AND METHODS The IAN lateralization was(More)
The chemical and dimensional stability associated with suitable fracture toughness and propitious tribological characteristics make silicon nitride-based ceramics potential candidates for biomedical applications, mainly as orthopedic implants. Considering this combination of properties, silicon nitride components were investigated in relation to their(More)
The objective of this study was to characterize calcium pyrophosphate material, evaluate its in vitro cytotoxicity, and assess its ability to induce bone formation. X-ray diffraction (XRD) was used to determine crystallinity and phases present in material. Serial dilutions of extracts, from 10-day dissolution tests in modified Eagle's medium, were exposed(More)
Tooth eruption is a complex biological process which starts from the site of development in the jaw bone until the teeth reach their final functional position in the chewing plane. Various factors can disturb this process. Besides mechanical obstacles on the eruption path, a pathological position or axial orientation of the tooth germ, morphological(More)