Ségolène M. Tarte

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As a scoping exercise in the design of our Social Machines Observatory we consider the observation of Social Machines "in the wild", as illustrated through two scenarios. More than identifying and classifying individual machines, we argue that we need to study interactions between machines and observe them throughout their lifecycle. We suggest that(More)
Respiratory motion causes errors when planning and delivering radiotherapy treatment to lung cancer patients. To reduce these errors, methods of acquiring and using four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) datasets have been developed. We have developed a novel method of constructing computational motion models from 4DCT. The motion models attempt to(More)
Although Social Machines do not have yet a formalized definition, some efforts have been made to characterize them from a ``machinery'' point of view. In this paper, we present a methodology by which we attempt to reveal the sociality of Social Machines; to do so, we adopt the analogy of stories. By assimilating a Social Machine to a story, we can identify(More)
Introducing Social Machines as web-enabled entities integrating social energies and computational powers into a socio-technical system (whether purposeful or not) where social dynamics animate communities, this paper proposes a theoretical framework in which to observe them. Attempting to strike a balance between the roles of humans and non-humans, and(More)
We present a method for evaluating the quality of acetabular fracture reductions in Computer-Assisted Orthopaedic Surgery (CAOS), which is analogous to evaluating the accuracy reached by a partial surface matching algorithm. We formulate the problem as a two-step procedure: (1) Characterizing the fracture surfaces and (2) providing a useful quantitative(More)
In this paper, we concern ourselves with the ways in which humans inhabit social machines: the structures and techniques which allow the enmeshing of multiple life traces within the flow of online interaction. In particular, we explore the distinction between transport and journeying, between networks and meshworks, and the different attitudes and modes of(More)
Social machines are increasingly attracting study. In our paper "Observing Social Machines Part 1: what to observe?" we scoped the task of observing them. Several exercises that have followed have further informed our thinking and methodologies. Here, in Part 2, we reflect on how to observe? We promote a variety of methodologies that transcend the study of(More)
1. Digitization is a sampling process The act of papyrological interpretation is a continuous thought process that unravels non-linearly (Youtie, 1963; Terras, 2006). Throughout this sense-making process, ancient and scarcely legible documents progress from the status of pure physical objects to that of meaningful historical artefacts. Within the e-Science(More)