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Astrocytes play a critical role in the regulation of brain metabolic responses to activity. One detailed mechanism proposed to describe the role of astrocytes in some of these responses has come to be known as the astrocyte-neuron lactate shuttle hypothesis (ANLSH). Although controversial, the original concept of a coupling mechanism between neuronal(More)
Carbon metabolism in the rat brain was studied in animals anesthetized with a light dose of pentobarbital and in awake animals under morphine, which were infused with either [1-13C]glucose+acetate or glucose+[2-13C]acetate for various periods of time. Brain amino-acid enrichments in tissue extracts were determined by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)(More)
The involvement of brain lactate in neuronal metabolism was analyzed by ex vivo NMR spectroscopy with rats under the effects of pentobarbital, alphachloralose or morphine, which were infused with a solution of either [1-(13)C]glucose+lactate or glucose+[3-(13)C]lactate for 20 min. Electroencephalogram recordings indicated different brain electrical activity(More)
The occurrence of pyruvate recycling in the rat brain was studied in either pentobarbital anesthetized animals or awake animals receiving a light analgesic dose of morphine, which were infused with either [1-13C]glucose + acetate or glucose + [2-13C]acetate for various periods of time. Metabolite enrichments in the brain, blood and the liver were determined(More)
Brain metabolism of glucose and lactate was analyzed by ex vivo NMR spectroscopy in rats presenting different cerebral activities induced after the administration of pentobarbital, alpha-chloralose, or morphine. The animals were infused with a solution of either [1-(13)C]glucose plus lactate or glucose plus [3-(13)C]lactate for 20 min. Brain metabolite(More)
Brain endogenous lactate metabolism was investigated by ex vivo nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy study after the infusion of rats with a solution of glucose and lactate labeled as either [3-(13)C]lactate or [1-(13)C]glucose, when their cerebral activity was more or less depressed under the influence of either pentobarbital, alphachloralose, or(More)
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