Sébastien Martinez

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In a previous study using chick/quail chimeric embryos with homotopic transplants (Martinez & Alvarado-Mallart, 1989b), we have delimited in the 2-day-old avian embryo the areas of the neural tube giving rise to optic tectum and mesencephalic grissea as well as to isthmic grissea and cerebellum: respectively, "mesencephalic" and "metencephalic" alar plates.(More)
The homeobox gene Chick-en, sharing homologies to the engrailed gene of Drosophila, is expressed, during early steps of development, in a restricted area of the chick embryo including mes-metencephalic neuroepithelia. The expression of the Chick-en gene has been analyzed in chick/quail chimeric embryos in which a portion of the 2-day-old mes-metencephalic(More)
In apple (Malus×domestica Borkh), as in many fruiting crops, fruit maintenance vs abscission is a major criteria for production profitability. Growers routinely make use of chemical thinning agents to control total fruit load. However, serious threats for the environment lead to the demand for new apple cultivars with self-thinning properties. In this(More)
As field phenotyping of plant response to water constraints constitutes a bottleneck for breeding programmes, airborne thermal imagery can contribute to assessing the water status of a wide range of individuals simultaneously. However, the presence of mixed soil-plant pixels in heterogeneous plant cover complicates the interpretation of canopy temperature.(More)
In temperate trees, growth resumption in spring time results from chilling and heat requirements, and is an adaptive trait under global warming. Here, the genetic determinism of budbreak and flowering time was deciphered using five related full-sib apple families. Both traits were observed over 3 years and two sites and expressed in calendar and(More)
The non-canonical WNT/planar cell polarity (WNT/PCP) pathway plays important roles in morphogenetic processes in vertebrates. Among WNT/PCP components, protein tyrosine kinase 7 (PTK7) is a tyrosine kinase receptor with poorly defined functions lacking catalytic activity. Here we show that PTK7 associates with receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor 2(More)
Water use efficiency (WUE) is a quantitative measurement which improvement is a major issue in the context of global warming and restrictions in water availability for agriculture. In this study, we aimed at studying the variation and genetic control of WUE and the respective role of its components (plant biomass and transpiration) in a perennial fruit(More)
Genetic studies of response to water deficit in adult trees are limited by low throughput of the usual phenotyping methods in the field. Here, we aimed at overcoming this bottleneck, applying a new methodology using airborne multispectral imagery and in planta measurements to compare a high number of individuals.An apple tree population, grafted on the same(More)
A portion of the quail mesencephalic alar plate (10-12 somites embryos, second day of incubation) was heterotopically transplanted to replace a portion of the diencephalic alar plate of a similar stage chick embryo. Analysis of the chimeric embryos on day 18 of incubation was performed both by Feulgen and Rossenbeck histochemical staining to recognize the(More)
In drought-stressed apple, leaf area decrease and stem growth cessation increase are key determinants of drought avoidance. Both the genotype and its possible phenotypic plasticity contribute to the variability of responses. Under soil water restriction, plant growth is impaired by the indirect negative impact on plant carbon balance of stomata closure and(More)