Sébastien Lopez

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Developing nondopaminergic palliative treatments for Parkinson's disease represents a major challenge to avoid the debilitating side effects produced by L-DOPA therapy. Increasing interest is addressed to the selective targeting of group III metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors that inhibit transmitter release at presumably overactive synapses in the(More)
Cadmium is very toxic at low concentrations, but the basis for its toxicity is not clearly understood. We analyzed the proteomic response of yeast cells to acute cadmium stress and identified 54 induced and 43 repressed proteins. A striking result is the strong induction of 9 enzymes of the sulfur amino acid biosynthetic pathway. Accordingly, we observed(More)
Drugs activating group III metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) represent therapeutic alternatives to L-DOPA (L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine) for the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD). Their presynaptic location at GABAergic and glutamatergic synapses within basal ganglia nuclei provide a critical target to reduce abnormal activities associated with(More)
Proteinase 3 (PR3), which is also called myeloblastin, the target autoantigen for antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) in Wegener's granulomatosis, is a serine proteinase stored in azurophil granules of human neutrophils. We have previously shown that, in contrast to elastase or myeloperoxidase, PR3 is also expressed at the plasma membrane of a(More)
Stereoisomers of 1-amino-2-phosphonomethylcyclopropanecarboxylic acid (APCPr), conformationally restricted analogues of L-AP4 (2-amino-4-phosphonobutyric acid), have been prepared and evaluated at recombinant group III metabotropic glutamate receptors. They activate these receptors over a broad range of potencies. The most potent isomer (1S,2R)-APCPr(More)
The L-pyruvate kinase (L-PK) gene is slightly active in normal and tumoral endocrine pancreatic tissues while, in vivo, this gene is not transcribed in the exocrine pancreas. Nevertheless, the L-PK gene is re-expressed at a very low level in cultured 266.6 cells derived from an exocrine pancreas carcinoma. The L-PK gene is early activated in endodermal(More)
 We studied in the rotavirus system whether the internal protein VP6 could prime for an enhancement in the production of neutralizing antibodies (NeuAb) against the external proteins, VP7 and VP4. It was found that BALB/c mice immunized with recombinant YM VP6 protein, and challenged i.p. with a heterologous rotavirus had an increase in the production of(More)
Proteinase 3, which is known as an intracellular serine protease of neutrophils, was detected at the surface of a subpopulation of freshly isolated PMN. The proportion of PR3-positive and -negative PMN, observed by flow cytometry with anti-PR3 mAbs or ANCA autoantibodies, varies among individuals but is extremely stable for each individual over prolonged(More)
It has been shown previously that proteinase 3 (PR3), a neutrophil intracellular protease that is the main antigen of antineutrophil cytoplasm (ANCA) autoantibodies, is present on the plasma membrane of a subset of freshly isolated neutrophils. This study shows that the size of this subset of membrane PR3-positive (mPR3+) neutrophils is a stable feature of(More)