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Dicer is a key enzyme involved in RNA interference (RNAi) and microRNA (miRNA) pathways. It is required for biogenesis of miRNAs and small interfering RNAs (siRNAs), and also has a role in the effector steps of RNA silencing. Apart from Argonautes, no proteins are known to associate with Dicer in mammalian cells. In this work, we describe the identification(More)
Hearing impairment affects about 1 in 1,000 children at birth. Approximately 70 loci implicated in non-syndromic forms of deafness have been reported in humans and 24 causative genes have been identified (see also http://www.uia.ac.be/dnalab/hhh). We report a mouse transcript, isolated by a candidate deafness gene approach, that is expressed almost(More)
RNA interference (RNAi) is now widely used for gene silencing in mammalian cells. The mechanism uses the RNA-induced silencing complex, in which Dicer, Ago2, and the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) TAR RNA binding protein (TRBP) are the main components. TRBP is a protein that increases HIV-1 expression and replication by inhibition of the(More)
gC1qR, a mitochondrial matrix protein, was identified as the main cellular partner of the hepatitis B virus P22 protein. We demonstrated by immunofluorescence studies that some P22 molecules were colocalized with the endogenous gC1qR in both the cytoplasm and the nucleus but never in the mitochondria. We also showed that the last 34 amino acids of P22 were(More)
Increasing evidence indicates that RNA interference (RNAi) may be used to provide antiviral immunity in mammalian cells. Human micro (mi)RNAs can inhibit the replication of a primate virus, whereas a virally-encoded miRNA from HIV inhibits its own replication. Indirect proof comes from RNAi suppressors encoded by mammalian viruses. Influenza NS1 and(More)
BACKGROUND Dicer, Ago2 and TRBP are the minimum components of the human RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC). While Dicer and Ago2 are RNases, TRBP is the double-stranded RNA binding protein (dsRBP) that loads small interfering RNA into the RISC. TRBP binds directly to Dicer through its C-terminal domain. RESULTS We show that the TRBP binding site in(More)
Generation of infectious retroviral particles rely on the targeting of all structural components to the correct cellular sites at the correct time. Gag, the main structural protein, orchestrates the assembly process and the mechanisms that trigger its targeting to assembly sites are well described. Gag is also responsible for the packaging of the viral(More)
Dimerization is a unique and vital characteristic of retroviral genomes. It is commonly accepted that genomic RNA (gRNA) must be dimeric at the plasma membrane of the infected cells to be packaged during virus assembly. However, where, when and how HIV-1 gRNA find each other and dimerize in the cell are long-standing questions that cannot be answered using(More)
RNA-based compounds are promising agents to inactivate viruses. New specific hepatitis delta virus (HDV)-derived ribozymes are natural molecules that can be engineered to specifically target a viral RNA. We have designed specific on-off adaptor (SOFA)-HDV ribozymes targeting the tat and rev sequences of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA.(More)
HIV-1 viral production is restricted intracellularly in astrocytes compared with lymphocytes due to the limited expression of viral structural proteins. The poor translation of HIV-1 mRNA and consequent limited virion production can be restored by overexpression of TRBP proteins in the astrocytoma U251MG cells. TRBP1 and TRBP2 are double-stranded RNA(More)