Sébastien Damiens

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INTRODUCTION Prompt diagnosis of candidaemia and invasive candidosis is crucial to the early initiation of antifungal therapy. The poor sensitivity of blood cultures (BCs) has led to the development of fungal glycan tests as a diagnostic adjunct. We analysed the performance of tests for the detection of circulating β-D-1,3-glucan (BDG) and mannan in the(More)
Conventional identification (CI) of yeasts is based on morphological, biochemical and/or immunological methods. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization - time of flight (MALDI-TOF or MT-MS) mass spectrometry has been proposed as a new method for the identification of microorganisms. This prospective study compared the performance of MT-MS and CI for the(More)
The high morbi-mortality associated with invasive candidiasis (IC) is a persistent problem in hospitals. Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) plays a role in innate immunity through its interaction with mannosylated molecules of Candida albicans. A correlation between MBL deficiency and vulvovaginal candidiasis or peritonitis has been reported. We investigated(More)
OBJECTIVE The protein Hwp1, expressed on the pathogenic phase of Candida albicans, presents sequence analogy with the gluten protein gliadin and is also a substrate for transglutaminase. This had led to the suggestion that C. albicans infection (CI) may be a triggering factor for Celiac disease (CeD) onset. We investigated cross-immune reactivity between(More)
The interaction of mannose-binding lectins (MBLs) with Candida albicans has been analyzed previously by microscopy and flow cytometry. We recently demonstrated that serum MBL levels vary during infection with Candida spp. and that serum MBLs are capable of interacting with yeast cell wall components. The aim of this study was to use, for the first time,(More)
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