Sébastien André

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In obesity, insulin resistance is linked to inflammation in several tissues. Although the gut is a very large lymphoid tissue, inflammation in the absorptive small intestine, the jejunum, where insulin regulates lipid and sugar absorption is unknown. We analyzed jejunal samples of 185 obese subjects stratified in three metabolic groups: without comorbidity,(More)
A large proportion of hemophilia A patients who receive replacement therapy, develop an immune response toward the infused factor VIII (FVIII). In this review, we discuss recent progress in several aspects of the anti-FVIII immune response, focusing on the sites of FVIII endocytosis (marginal zone of the spleen and bleeding site), the type of(More)
SUMMARY BACKGROUND BO2C11 is a human monoclonal factor (F) VIII inhibitor. When bound to the C2 domain of FVIII, the Fab fragment of BO2C11 (Fab(BO2C11)) buries a surface of C2 that contains residues participating in a binding site for von Willebrand factor (VWF). BO2C11 has thus been proposed to neutralize FVIII by steric hindrance. OBJECTIVES The BO2C11(More)
Acquired hemophilia is a rare bleeding disorder characterized by the spontaneous occurrence of inhibitory antibodies against endogenous factor VIII (FVIII). IgG from some patients with acquired hemophilia hydrolyze FVIII. Because of the complex etiology of the disease, no clinical parameter, including the presence of FVIII-hydrolyzing IgG, has been(More)
Replacement therapy in hemophilia A with exogenous coagulation factor VIII (FVIII) often results in the development of FVIII-neutralizing antibodies, referred to as inhibitors. Despite of large number of studies on the functional properties of FVIII inhibitors, detailed physicochemical characterization of their interactions is not available. Here we studied(More)
Procoagulant factor VIII (FVIII) is either produced endogenously under physiologic conditions, or administered exogenously as a therapeutic hemostatic drug in patients with hemophilia A. In the circulation, FVIII interacts with a multitude of glycoproteins, and may be used for coagulation at the sites of bleeding, eliminated by scavenger cells, or processed(More)
CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) play a critical role in preventing immune aggression. One way in which Tregs exert immune surveillance activities is by modifying the function of antigen presenting cells (APCs) such as dendritic cells, macrophages, and B cells. Tregs can induce apoptosis of APCs or inhibit their activation and function, thereby(More)
Von Willebrand factor (VWF) has been proposed to reduce the immunogenicity of therapeutic factor VIII (FVIII) in patients with hemophilia A. Using FVIII-deficient mice, we compared the immunogenicity of different preparations of plasma-derived (pd) and recombinant (r) FVIII. Treatment of mice with pdFVIII induced significantly lower titers of FVIII(More)
In mice, nutritional supplementation with the trans-10,cis-12 isomer of linoleic acid (t10,c12-CLA) promotes lipoatrophy, hyperinsulinemia, and macrophage infiltration in white adipose tissue (WAT). We explored the dynamics of these interrelated responses over 2 consecutive 7 d periods of t10,c12-CLA administration and withdrawal. t10,c12-CLA down-regulated(More)