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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-psychotomimetic compound from Cannabis sativa that induces anxiolytic- and antipsychotic-like effects in animal models. Effects of CBD may be mediated by the activation of 5-HT(1A) receptors. As 5-HT(1A) receptor activation may induce antidepressant-like effects, the aim of this work was to test the(More)
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-psychotomimetic compound from Cannabis sativa that induces anxiolytic-like effects similar to diazepam in animal models of innate aversive behavior. However, the effects of CBD contextual conditioned fear have not been studied. Therefore, the aim of this work was to compare the behavioral and cardiovascular effects of CBD and(More)
To explore the ventral medial prefrontal cortex (vMPFC) involvement in behavioral and autonomic fear-conditioned responses to context, vMPFC synaptic transmission was temporarily inhibited by bilateral microinjections of 200 nL of the nonselective synapse blocker CoCl(2) (1 mM). Behavioral activity (freezing, motor activity and rearing) as well as evoked(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-psychotomimetic compound from Cannabis sativa which induces anxiolytic- and antipsychotic-like effects in rodents. These effects could be mediated by facilitation of the endocannabinoid system or by the activation of 5-HT(1A) receptors. As either of these mechanisms could promote adaptation to inescapable(More)
Systemic inhibition of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) induces antidepressant-like effects in rodents. The mechanisms and brain regions mediating this effect are still unknown. The hippocampus is a brain region proposed to mediate adaptation to stress and antidepressant behavioral effects. Therefore, it could be involved in the antidepressant effects(More)
In rats, conditioned fear to context causes freezing immobility and cardiovascular changes. The dorsal hippocampus (DH) has a critical role in several memory processes, including conditioning fear to contextual information. To explore a possible involvement of the DH in contextual fear conditioning-evoked cardiovascular (mean arterial pressure and heart(More)
Several findings relate the hippocampal formation to the behavioural consequences of stress. It contains a high concentration of corticoid receptors and undergoes plastic modifications, including decreased neurogenesis and cellular remodelling, following stress exposure. Various major neurotransmitter systems in the hippocampus are involved in these(More)
Recent pieces of evidence suggest that the dorsal hippocampus may mediate adaptation to severe and inescapable stress, possibly by the facilitation of serotonergic and/or noradrenergic neurotransmission. Chronic social stress and high corticosteroid levels would impair this coping mechanism, predisposing animals to learned helplessness. To test the(More)
Oxidative stress disturbances have been reported in depressed patients and in animals submitted to stress. Recent evidence suggests that antidepressants may have antioxidant properties. However, the therapeutic potential of antioxidants as antidepressant drugs has not been systematically investigated. Therefore, this study tested the hypothesis that(More)
The hippocampus has been implicated in the regulation of anxiety and memory processes. Nevertheless, the precise contribution of its ventral (VH) and dorsal (DH) division in these issues still remains a matter of debate. The Trial 1/2 protocol in the elevated plus-maze (EPM) is a suitable approach to assess features associated with anxiety and memory.(More)