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Using the prospective Hungarian childhood diabetes register, a nationwide case-control study was carried out to investigate the possible role of various non-genetic factors as risk determinants for type 1 diabetes in childhood. A questionnaire (covering family characteristics, social status, fetal and perinatal events, breast-feeding habits, infectious(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to estimate the accuracy of panoramic radiographic signs predicting inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) paresthesia after lower third molar removal. STUDY DESIGN In a case-control study the sample was composed of 41 cases with postoperative IAN paresthesia and 359 control cases without it. The collected data included "classic"(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the aggregation of cardiovascular risk factors (hyperinsulinaemia, impaired glucose tolerance, dyslipidaemia, and hypertension) in 180 (77 female, 103 male) obese and 239 control children. Blood glucose, serum insulin and lipid levels were determined from blood samples taken after an overnight fast. Oral(More)
BACKGROUND This study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of maternal central hemodynamics on fetal heart rate patterns near term, with special regard to the maternal body position. METHODS Brief non-stress test and bioimpedance cardiography were carried out in the supine position, then repeated in a full left lateral decubitus position of mothers with(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To report on minor modification of laparoscopic Vecchietti vaginoplasty and to examine the quality of sexual life after the operation. DESIGN A retrospective study to examine the role of minor modification during laparoscopic Vecchietti operation to prevent injuries and to evaluate the sexual function of patients with neovagina. SETTING(More)
PURPOSE The aim of the present study was to examine the association between the darkening of the root on the preoperative panoramic radiograph and intraoperative inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) exposure. PATIENTS AND METHODS In the present study, 116 mandibular third molar surgical extraction cases with darkening of the third molar roots on the preoperative(More)
AIM Leptin, which was discovered only a decade ago, is a peptide that informs hypothalamic areas about the energy balance of the body. New research findings, has suggested a possible role of leptin in eating disorders as well. Few data are available about the relationship between leptin, insulin and glucose metabolism in the pathomechanism of eating(More)
OBJECTIVE The present study was performed to investigate the efficacy and safety of a caffeine/ephedrine (CE) mixture in obese adolescents. SUBJECTS Thirty-two (m/f = 16/16) obese children were included into the study. They were treated by diet (calculated daily energy requirement minus 500 kcal) and either CE or placebo (PL) for 20 weeks in a randomized(More)
The most anomaly of kidney development and urinary tract diseases have an effect on the size of the kidneys. Kidney size (renal length and parenchymal thickness) is readily measurable by ultrasonography, but the evaluation remains subjective without the use of appropriate standards. The aim of authors was, to produce a centile chart for normal kidney size(More)
OBJECTIVES The validity of equations for the calculation of resting metabolic rate (RMR) were studied and new predictive equations were developed. STUDY DESIGN The RMR was measured in a sample of 371 10- to 16-year-old prepubertal and postpubertal children. The study group included 193 male (116 nonobese and 77 obese) and 178 female (119 nonobese and 59(More)