Sándor Sólyom

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The discovery of the selective AMPA antagonist character of 2,3-benzodiazepine derivative GYKI 52466 (5) in the late eighties and the recognition of the non-competitive nature of its mode of action some years later set off the world-wide search for novel class of drugs. Notably the quest to develop new antiepileptic and neuroprotective medicines, which(More)
Over the past 20 years, several members of the 2,3-benzodiazepine family have been synthesized. Some of these compounds--tofisopam (Grandaxin), girisopam, nerisopam--exert significant anxiolytic and antipsychotic activities. Sites where actions of 2,3-benzodiazepines are mediated differ from those of 1,4-benzodiazepines. Binding of 2,3-benzodiazepines to(More)
Galanin is a neuroendocrine peptide which is 29/30 amino acids in length and is recognised by G-protein-coupled central nervous system receptors via its N-terminus. We synthesised several galanin receptor ligands and fragments around C-terminal extensions of galanin(1-13) to yield chimeric peptides with C-terminals corresponding to bioactive peptides like(More)
New halogen atom substituted 2,3-benzodiazepine derivatives condensed with an azole ring on the seven membered part of the ring system of type 3 and 4 as well as 5 and 6 were synthesized. It was found that chloro-, dichloro- and bromo-substitutions in the benzene ring and additionally imidazole ring condensation on the diazepine ring can successfully(More)
2,3-Benzodiazepine compounds are synthesized as drug candidates for treatment of various neurological disorders involving excessive activity of AMPA receptors. Here we report that pairing a thiadiazole moiety with a 2,3-benzodiazepine scaffold via the N-3 position yields an inhibitor type with >28-fold better potency and selectivity on AMPA receptors than(More)
Slices from rat midbrain containing the raphe nuclei and from hippocampus were prepared, loaded with [3H]5-HT and superfused and the resting and the electrically stimulated [3H]5-HT release was measured. The 5-HT3 receptor agonist 2-methyl-5-HT (1 to 10 micromol/l) increased the resting tritium outflow in superfused raphe nuclei slices, EC50 5.3 micromol/l.(More)
New, potential aldosterone blocking 17-spiro-oxazolidinone derivatives with androstane, estrane and 13 beta-ethyl-gonane ring system were synthesized. 17S-Spiro-oxiranes were used as starting compounds and the oxazolidinone ring was built up in different ways. All compounds but one were devoid of considerable endocrine activities. 3-Oxo-13(More)
Some 5-methyl analogues (14a-e) of the non-competitive AMPA antagonists 3-acylated 1-(4-aminophenyl)-4-methyl-7,8-methylenedioxy-4,5-dihydro-3H-2,3-benzodi azepines (2,3) have been synthesized. Generally they show diminished or low biological activity but two derivatives (14a,b) reveal effects comparable to those of GYKI 52466 (1), the prototype non(More)
The effect of alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA), a selective glutamate receptor agonist, on the release of previously incorporated [(3)H]GABA was examined in superfused striatal slices of the rat. The slices were loaded with [(3)H]GABA in the presence of beta-alanine (1 mM) and superfused with Krebs-bicarbonate buffer(More)