Sándor Sólyom

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The discovery of the selective AMPA antagonist character of 2,3-benzodiazepine derivative GYKI 52466 (5) in the late eighties and the recognition of the non-competitive nature of its mode of action some years later set off the world-wide search for novel class of drugs. Notably the quest to develop new antiepileptic and neuroprotective medicines, which(More)
Over the past 20 years, several members of the 2,3-benzodiazepine family have been synthesized. Some of these compounds--tofisopam (Grandaxin), girisopam, nerisopam--exert significant anxiolytic and antipsychotic activities. Sites where actions of 2,3-benzodiazepines are mediated differ from those of 1,4-benzodiazepines. Binding of 2,3-benzodiazepines to(More)
Galanin is a neuroendocrine peptide which is 29/30 amino acids in length and is recognised by G-protein-coupled central nervous system receptors via its N-terminus. We synthesised several galanin receptor ligands and fragments around C-terminal extensions of galanin(1-13) to yield chimeric peptides with C-terminals corresponding to bioactive peptides like(More)
New halogen atom substituted 2,3-benzodiazepine derivatives condensed with an azole ring on the seven membered part of the ring system of type 3 and 4 as well as 5 and 6 were synthesized. It was found that chloro-, dichloro- and bromo-substitutions in the benzene ring and additionally imidazole ring condensation on the diazepine ring can successfully(More)
2,3-Benzodiazepine compounds are synthesized as drug candidates for treatment of various neurological disorders involving excessive activity of AMPA receptors. Here we report that pairing a thiadiazole moiety with a 2,3-benzodiazepine scaffold via the N-3 position yields an inhibitor type with >28-fold better potency and selectivity on AMPA receptors than(More)
Slices from rat midbrain containing the raphe nuclei and from hippocampus were prepared, loaded with [3H]5-HT and superfused and the resting and the electrically stimulated [3H]5-HT release was measured. The 5-HT3 receptor agonist 2-methyl-5-HT (1 to 10 micromol/l) increased the resting tritium outflow in superfused raphe nuclei slices, EC50 5.3 micromol/l.(More)
The effect of N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA), a selective glutamate receptor agonist, on the release of previously incorporated [3H]gamma-aminobutyric acid(GABA) was examined in superfused striatal slices of the rat. NMDA (0.01 to 1.0 mM) increased [3H]GABA overflow with an EC50 value of 0.09 mM. The [3H]GABA releasing effect of NMDA was an external(More)
Some 5-methyl analogues (14a-e) of the non-competitive AMPA antagonists 3-acylated 1-(4-aminophenyl)-4-methyl-7,8-methylenedioxy-4,5-dihydro-3H-2,3-benzodi azepines (2,3) have been synthesized. Generally they show diminished or low biological activity but two derivatives (14a,b) reveal effects comparable to those of GYKI 52466 (1), the prototype non(More)