Sándor Sólyom

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Slices from rat midbrain containing the raphe nuclei and from hippocampus were prepared, loaded with [3H]5-HT and superfused and the resting and the electrically stimulated [3H]5-HT release was measured. The 5-HT3 receptor agonist 2-methyl-5-HT (1 to 10 micromol/l) increased the resting tritium outflow in superfused raphe nuclei slices, EC50 5.3 micromol/l.(More)
New halogen atom substituted 2,3-benzodiazepine derivatives condensed with an azole ring on the seven membered part of the ring system of type 3 and 4 as well as 5 and 6 were synthesized. It was found that chloro-, dichloro- and bromo-substitutions in the benzene ring and additionally imidazole ring condensation on the diazepine ring can successfully(More)
Over the past 20 years, several members of the 2,3-benzodiazepine family have been synthesized. Some of these compounds--tofisopam (Grandaxin), girisopam, nerisopam--exert significant anxiolytic and antipsychotic activities. Sites where actions of 2,3-benzodiazepines are mediated differ from those of 1,4-benzodiazepines. Binding of 2,3-benzodiazepines to(More)
Galanin is a neuroendocrine peptide which is 29/30 amino acids in length and is recognised by G-protein-coupled central nervous system receptors via its N-terminus. We synthesised several galanin receptor ligands and fragments around C-terminal extensions of galanin(1-13) to yield chimeric peptides with C-terminals corresponding to bioactive peptides like(More)
The discovery of the selective AMPA antagonist character of 2,3-benzodiazepine derivative GYKI 52466 (5) in the late eighties and the recognition of the non-competitive nature of its mode of action some years later set off the world-wide search for novel class of drugs. Notably the quest to develop new antiepileptic and neuroprotective medicines, which(More)
The effect of alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA), a selective glutamate receptor agonist, on the release of previously incorporated [(3)H]GABA was examined in superfused striatal slices of the rat. The slices were loaded with [(3)H]GABA in the presence of beta-alanine (1 mM) and superfused with Krebs-bicarbonate buffer(More)
Analogues of talampanel (1), a highly active AMPA antagonist 2,3-benzodiazepine, were synthesized, where the characteristic amino-function was either transposed or sterically shielded. For the key intermediates (hemiketals 6a, b) a new synthetic method of different mechanism was developed. The inactivity of several new compounds indicates the significance(More)
2,3-Benzodiazepine compounds are synthesized as drug candidates for treatment of various neurological disorders involving excessive activity of AMPA receptors. Here we report that pairing a thiadiazole moiety with a 2,3-benzodiazepine scaffold via the N-3 position yields an inhibitor type with >28-fold better potency and selectivity on AMPA receptors than(More)
The effects of GYKI-46 903 ((+)endo-4-propionyloxy-6-(4-fluorophenyl)-1-azabicyclo [3.3.1]non-6-ene HCl), on 5-HT3 receptors have been studied and compared with ondansetron in peripheral organs in vitro and in vivo, and in a receptor binding assay in membranes prepared from rat cerebral cortex. GYKI-46 903 was found to be a non-competitive antagonist at(More)
This article is a written version of a lecture held at the 50th anniversary of the foundation of Institute for Drug Research. It describes the chain of ideas as well as the most interesting studies made during our structure-activity relationship investigations with AMPA antagonists of 2,3-benzodiazepine type, which led to the discovery of several new types(More)