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The ability of a blood pool contrast agent to enhance MR coronary angiography was defined. The proximal coronary vessels of pigs were imaged before and after administration of Gd-DTPA bound covalently to bovine serum albumin (0.2 mmol/ kg). The contrast agent resulted in a reduction of the blood T1 value to 33+/-5 msec, as determined in vivo with a(More)
OBJECTIVES We determined whether caloric restriction (CR) has cardiac-specific effects that attenuate the established aging-associated impairments in diastolic function (DF). BACKGROUND Caloric restriction retards the aging process in small mammals; however, no information is available on the effects of long-term CR on human aging. In healthy individuals,(More)
A chamber stiffness (K(LV))-transmitral flow (E-wave) deceleration time relation has been invasively validated in dogs with the use of average stiffness [(DeltaP/DeltaV)(avg)]. K(LV) is equivalent to k(E), the (E-wave) stiffness of the parameterized diastolic filling model. Prediction and validation of 1) (DeltaP/DeltaV)(avg) in terms of k(E), 2) early(More)
The duration of diastole can be defined in terms of mechanical events. Mechanical diastolic duration (MDD) is comprised by the phases of early rapid filling (E wave), diastasis, and late atrial filling (A wave). The effect of heart rate (HR) on diastolic duration is predictable from kinematic modeling and known cellular physiology. To determine the(More)
Effects of regional diastolic pressure differences within the left ventricle on the measured transmitral pressure-flow relation were determined by simultaneous micromanometric left atrial (LAP) and left ventricular pressure (LVP) measurements, and Doppler echocardiograms in 11 anesthetized, closed-chest dogs. Intraventricular pressure recordings at sites(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the single-incision technique for the placement of subcutaneous chest ports. Advantages, technical success, and complications were assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS From March 2007 through May 2008, 161 consecutive chest ports were placed with a modified single-incision technique and sonographic and fluoroscopic guidance via the right(More)
A new parametrized diastolic filling (PDF) formalism for evaluation of holodiastolic (left and right) ventricular function via Doppler echocardiography is presented. It is motivated by the empiric observation that during diastole the heart behaves as a suction pump whose dynamics, in certain respects, are those of a damped harmonic oscillator. An expression(More)
BACKGROUND Many reference levels have been proposed for the measurement of intracardiac pressures, but none have met with universal acceptance. In the first part of our study, we evaluated 10 cardiologists' understanding of how hydrostatic pressure influences intracardiac pressures as measured with fluid-filled catheters. In the second part, we proposed and(More)
Previous observations (Garcia et al. 1998; Sohn et al. 1997; Nagueh et al. 1997) indicate that mitral annulus velocity may be viewed as a "load-independent" index of filling and that wedge pressure is linearly related to the transmitral flow velocity (V(E)) to mitral annulus velocity (V(MA)) ratio (V(E)/V(MA)) measured at maximum velocity. In healthy(More)