Sándor Hosztafi

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The aims of this study were to synthesize 14-O-Methylmorphine-6-O-sulfate (14-O-MeM6SU) and examine its opioid properties (potency, affinity, efficacy) in receptor ligand binding and isolated tissues (mouse vas deferens, MVD and rat vas deferens, RVD bioassays). The results were then compared to the parent compounds morphine-6-O-sulfate (M6SU) and morphine,(More)
Morphine and structurally related derivatives are highly effective analgesics, and the mainstay in the medical management of moderate to severe pain. Pharmacological actions of opioid analgesics are primarily mediated through agonism at the µ opioid peptide (MOP) receptor, a G protein-coupled receptor. Position 17 in morphine has been one of the most(More)
Highly selective heterocyclic opioid ligands with potent delta-antagonist activity have been developed on the basis of the "message-address" concept. Using this strategy, benzofuran derivatives corresponding to the non-selective opioid antagonist, naloxone, and to the mu-opioid receptor selective agonists, oxymorphone and oxycodone, were synthesized. In(More)
Authorities of Drug Administration in the United States of America approved about 5000 drugs for use in the therapy or management of several diseases. About two hundred of these drugs have active metabolites and the knowledge of their medicinal chemistry is important both in medical practice and pharmaceutical research. This review gives a detailed(More)
C-6 derivatives--hydrazones, phenylhydrazones, dinitrophenylhydrazones, oximes and semicarbazones--of morphinane-6-ones were synthesized and their binding characteristics were studied on rat brain membranes. The dihydromorphinone and oxymorphone derivatives compete for the (3H)naloxone binding sites with high affinity, while the dihydrocodeinone and(More)
This paper presents the history of the discovery of the first alkaloids. Isolation of alkaloids is connected with the study of the active principles of medicines of plant origin, for example opium and cinchona bark. Sertürner described morphine as a plant alkali and claimed that it was capable of neutralizing free acids yielding salts. The recognition of(More)
The major pharmacological effects of heroin can be traced back to some structural properties of the morphine molecule. The analgesic effects of heroin derive from the two active metabolites, 6-O-acetylmorphine and morphine, which bind specifically to the mu-opioid receptors of the central nervous system. mu-receptors also mediate other pharmacological(More)
This study compared the peripheral analgesic effects of a novel opioid agonist 14-O-methylmorphine-6-O-sulfate (14-O-MeM6SU), to that of non-peptide (morphine, fentanyl) and peptide opioid agonists (Met-enkephalin; met-ENK and β-endorphin; β-END) in a model of localized inflammatory pain evoked by intraplantar (i.pl.) Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA).(More)
The therapeutic use of opioids is limited by the development of tolerance to the analgesic effect and the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying this phenomenon are still not completely understood. For this reason the search for new analgesic derivatives, endowed with lower tolerance, is always an active field. The newly synthesized(More)
Sixteen 3-O- and 6-O-sulfate esters of morphine, codeine and some of their N-methyl quaternary derivatives were synthesized by means of sulfation with pyridine-SO(3) complex and sulfuric acid/N,N'-dicyclohexylcarbodiimide. Complete (1)H- and (13)C-NMR assignments are given for each of the synthesized compounds based on one- and two-dimensional homo- and(More)