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BACKGROUND Soluble thrombomodulin is a promising therapeutic natural anticoagulant that is comparable to antithrombin, tissue factor pathway inhibitor and activated protein C. OBJECTIVES We conducted a multicenter, double-blind, randomized, parallel-group trial to compare the efficacy and safety of recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin (ART-123) to(More)
Internal tandem duplication of the FLT3 gene and point mutations of the N-RAS gene are the most frequent somatic mutations causing aberrant signal-transduction in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, their prognostic importance is unclear. In this study, their prognostic significance was analyzed in 201 newly diagnosed patients with de novo AML except(More)
PURPOSE A novel therapeutic approach is urgently needed for BCR-ABL-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). In this study, we assessed the efficacy and feasibility of chemotherapy combined with imatinib. PATIENTS AND METHODS A phase II study of imatinib-combined chemotherapy was conducted for newly diagnosed BCR-ABL-positive ALL in adults. Eighty(More)
A megakaryoblastic cell line, designated MEG-01, was established from the bone marrow of a patient with blast crisis of Philadelphia (Ph1) chromosome-positive chronic myelogenous leukemia. MEG-01 cells grew in single-cell suspension with a doubling time of 36 to 48 hours. Under the usual culture conditions, approximately half of the cells adhered to the(More)
An internal tandem duplication (ITD) of the FLT3 gene is found in nearly 20% of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and 5% of myelodysplastic syndrome cases. Our serial studies on 51 samples with the FLT3 gene mutation indicated that the ITD was frequently (47/51) clustered in the tyrosine-rich stretch from codon 589 to 599 and rarely (3/51) in its downstream(More)
The outcome for adult patients with BCR-ABL-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) remains dismal and long-term survival can hardly be achieved except by allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The Japan Adult Leukemia Study Group (JALSG) has recently started a phase 2 trial with intensive chemotherapy and imatinib for newly(More)
Although FLT3 mutations are essentially found in myeloid-lineage leukemia cells, a high level of FLT3 expression was recently observed in MLL gene-rearranged acute lymphoblastic leukemia without FLT3 mutations. Here, we analyzed the biologic and clinical significance of the FLT3 transcript level in comparison with several gene alterations in 181 de novo(More)
In order to improve the disappointing prognosis of adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), we applied similar induction therapy as that used for acute myeloid leukemia (AML), ie frequent administration of doxorubicin (DOX). DOX 30 mg/m2 was administered from days 1 to 3 and from days 8 to 10 together with vincristine, prednisolone,(More)
We conducted a multi-institutional randomized study to determine whether high-dose daunorubicin would be as effective as standard-dose idarubicin in remission-induction therapy for newly diagnosed adult patients younger than 65 years of age with acute myeloid leukemia. Of 1064 patients registered, 1057 were evaluable. They were randomly assigned to receive(More)
Internal tandem duplication (ITD) of the juxtamembrane (JM) domain of FLT3 is the most frequent mutation in human acute myeloid leukemia, and is significantly associated with leukocytosis and a poor prognosis. Previously we reported that FLT3 with ITD (FLT3/ITD) formed a homodimer and was autophosphorylated on tyrosine residues, while the mechanism remains(More)