Ryuzaburou Yasuda

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Cells employ a variety of linear motors, such as myosin, kinesin and RNA polymerase, which move along and exert force on a filamentous structure. But only one rotary motor has been investigated in detail, the bacterial flagellum (a complex of about 100 protein molecules). We now show that a single molecule of F1-ATPase acts as a rotary motor, the smallest(More)
The enzyme F1-ATPase has been shown to be a rotary motor in which the central gamma-subunit rotates inside the cylinder made of alpha3beta3 subunits. At low ATP concentrations, the motor rotates in discrete 120 degrees steps, consistent with sequential ATP hydrolysis on the three beta-subunits. The mechanism of stepping is unknown. Here we show by(More)
A single molecule of F1-ATPase is by itself a rotary motor in which a central gamma-subunit rotates against a surrounding cylinder made of alpha3beta3-subunits. Driven by the three betas that sequentially hydrolyse ATP, the motor rotates in discrete 120 degree steps, as demonstrated in video images of the movement of an actin filament bound, as a marker, to(More)
Filamentous structures are abundant in cells. Relatively rigid filaments, such as microtubules and actin, serve as intracellular scaffolds that support movement and force, and their mechanical properties are crucial to their function in the cell. Some aspects of the behaviour of DNA, meanwhile, depend critically on its flexibility-for example, DNA-binding(More)
Flexural and torsional rigidities of actin filaments are important factors in cell motility and muscle contraction, where actin filaments serve as mechanical elements. The flexural rigidity has already been determined by directly observing the bending of individual filaments under a microscope, but measurement of the torsional rigidity has been relatively(More)
Orientation dependence of single-fluorophore intensity was exploited in order to videotape conformational changes in a protein machine in real time. The fluorophore Cy3 attached to the central subunit of F(1)-ATPase revealed that the subunit rotates in the molecule in discrete 120 degrees steps and that each step is driven by the hydrolysis of one ATP(More)
F(1)-ATPase is a rotary motor enzyme in which a single ATP molecule drives a 120 degrees rotation of the central gamma subunit relative to the surrounding alpha(3)beta(3) ring. Here, we show that the rotation of F(1)-ATPase spontaneously lapses into long (approximately 30 s) pauses during steady-state catalysis. The effects of ADP-Mg and mutation on the(More)
The force required to break the bond between skeletal muscle actin and alpha-actinin (unbinding force) was measured at the level of individual molecules with an optical trapping technique. An actin filament, to the barbed-end of which was attached a gelsolin-coated polystyrene bead, was bound to alpha-actinin molecules adsorbed to a nitrocellulose-coated(More)
A single molecule of F1-ATPase, a portion of ATP synthase, is by itself a rotary motor in which a central gamma subunit rotates against a surrounding cylinder made of alpha3beta3 subunits. Driven by three catalytic betas, each fueled with ATP, gamma makes discrete 120 degree steps, occasionally stepping backward. The work done in each step is constant over(More)
One of the putative actin-binding sites of Dictyostelium myosin II is the beta-strand-turn-beta-strand structure (Ile(398)-Leu-Ala-Gly-Arg-Asp(403)-Leu-Val(405)), the "myopathy loop, " which is located at the distal end of the upper 50-kDa subdomain and next to the conserved arginine (Arg(397)), whose mutation in human cardiac myosin results in familial(More)