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Platelets store self-agonists such as ADP and serotonin in dense core granules. Although exocytosis of these granules is crucial for hemostasis and thrombosis, the underlying mechanism is not fully understood. Here, we show that incubation of permeabilized platelets with unprenylated active mutant Rab27A-Q78L, wild type Rab27A, and Rab27B inhibited the(More)
Upon activation, platelets release many active substances stored in alpha- and dense-core granules. However, the molecular mechanisms governing regulated exocytosis are not yet fully understood. Here, we have established an assay system using permeabilized platelets to analyze the Ca(2+)-induced exocytosis of both types of granules, focusing on RabGTPases.(More)
Platelets play critical roles in hemostasis and thrombosis through their aggregation following activation of integrin alphaIIbbeta3. However, the molecular mechanism of the integrin activation inside platelets remains largely unknown. Pharmacological experiments have demonstrated that protein kinase C (PKC) plays an important role in platelet aggregation.(More)
Upon activation, platelets release many active substances. Here, we have analyzed the mechanism governing Ca(2+)-induced secretion of von Willebrand factor stored in alpha-granules and 5-hydroxytryptamine in dense-core granules in permeabilized human platelets. Both secretions were dependent on ATP and cytosol. An essential factor for both granule(More)
Munc13-4 is a widely expressed member of the CAPS/Munc13 protein family proposed to function in priming secretory granules for exocytosis. Munc13-4 contains N- and C-terminal C2 domains (C2A and C2B) predicted to bind Ca(2+), but Ca(2+)-dependent regulation of Munc13-4 activity has not been described. The C2 domains bracket a predicted SNARE-binding domain,(More)
The small GTPase Ral is known to be highly activated in several human cancers, such as bladder, colon and pancreas cancers. It is reported that activated Ral is involved in cell proliferation, migration and metastasis of bladder cancer. This protein is activated by Ral guanine nucleotide exchange factors (RalGEFs) and inactivated by Ral GTPase-activating(More)
Mutations of the perforin (PRF1) and MUNC13-4 genes distinguish 2 forms of familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (FHL2 and FHL3, respectively), but the clinical and biologic correlates of these genotypes remain in question. We studied the presenting features and cytotoxic T lymphocyte/natural killer (CTL/NK) cell functions of 35 patients for their(More)
Non-hydrolyzable GTP analogues, such as guanosine 5'-(beta, gamma-imido)triphosphate (GppNHp), induce granule secretion from permeabilized platelets in the absence of increased intracellular Ca(2+). Here, we show that the GppNHp-induced dense granule secretion from permeabilized platelets occurred concomitantly with the activation of small GTPase Ral. This(More)
Eukaryotic cells dynamically reorganize the actin cytoskeleton to regulate various cellular activities, such as cell shape change, cell motility, cytokinesis, and vesicular transport. Diaphanous-related formins (DRFs), such as Daam1 and mDia1, play central roles in actin dynamics through assembling linear actin filaments. It has been reported that the(More)
Insulin and muscle contraction each stimulate translocation of the glucose transporter GLUT4 to the plasma membrane in skeletal muscle, an important process regulating whole-body glucose homeostasis. RalA mediates insulin-stimulated GLUT4 translocation; however, it is unclear how this small GTPase is regulated in skeletal muscle in response to insulin.(More)