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Abnormal N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) function has been implicated in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. d-serine is an important NMDAR modulator, and to elucidate the role of the d-serine synthesis enzyme serine racemase (Srr) in schizophrenia, we identified and characterized mice with an ENU-induced mutation that results in a complete loss of(More)
We identified the Dexamethasone-induced RAS protein 1 (Dexras1) gene as a cycling gene in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). Investigation of the whole brain using in situ hybridization demonstrated the localization of the expression of the gene in the SCN, thalamus, piriform cortex and hippocampus. However, rhythmic expression of the gene was observed only(More)
Most biological phenomena, including behavior and metabolic pathways, are governed by an internal clock system that is circadian (i.e., with a period of approximately 24 h) and is reset by light exposure from outside. In order to understand the molecular basis of the resetting mechanism of the clock, we attempted to isolate light-inducible transcripts in(More)
We have developed an AFLP-based gene expression profiling method called 'high coverage expression profiling' (HiCEP) analysis. By making improvements to the selective PCR technique we have reduced the rate of false positive peaks to approximately 4% and consequently the number of peaks, including overlapping peaks, has been markedly decreased. As a result(More)
The reticulon-4 receptor, encoded by RTN4R, limits axonal sprouting and neural plasticity by inhibiting the outgrowth of neurites. Human association studies have implicated mutations in RTN4R in the development of schizophrenia, including the identification of several rare nonconservative missense mutations of RTN4R in schizophrenia patients. To investigate(More)
A complex interaction of signalling events, including the Wnt pathway, regulates sprouting of blood vessels from pre-existing vasculature during angiogenesis. Here we show that two distinct mutations in the (uro)chordate-specific gumby (also called Fam105b) gene cause an embryonic angiogenic phenotype in gumby mice. Gumby interacts with disheveled 2 (DVL2),(More)
Mutations in the Recql4 gene are very likely responsible for a subset of Rothmund-Thomson syndrome (RTS) cases, but until now there has been no animal model to confirm this. Knockout mice in which the Recql4 gene is disrupted at exons 5-8 exhibit embryonic lethality at embryonic day 3.5-6.5. We generated a helicase activity-inhibited mouse by deleting exon(More)
In this chapter, mutant mouse resources which have been developed by classical genetics as well as by modern large-scale mutagenesis projects are summarized. Various spontaneous and induced mouse mutations have been archived since the rediscovery of Mendel's genetics in 1900. Moreover, genome-wide, large-scale mutagenesis efforts have recently been(More)
Spontaneous germline mutations generate genetic diversity in populations of sexually reproductive organisms, and are thus regarded as a driving force of evolution. However, the cause and mechanism remain unclear. 8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG) is a candidate molecule that causes germline mutations, because it makes DNA more prone to mutation and is constantly(More)
DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) controls signal transduction following DNA damage. However, the molecular mechanism of the signal transduction has been elusive. A number of candidates for substrates of DNA-PK have been reported on the basis of the in vitro assay system. In particular, the Ser-15 amino acid residue in p53 was one of the first such in(More)