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Sex steroids have been inferred to be involved in the regulation of affective status at least partly through the serotonergic (5-HT) system, particularly in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN), which innervates enormous projections to the cerebral cortex and limbic system. In the present study, the expression of estrogen receptors-alpha and -beta (ERalpha,(More)
The brain has an estrogen-biosynthetic potential resulting from the presence of neuronal aromatase, which controls the intraneural sex-steroidal milieu and is involved in brain sexual differentiation, psychobehavioral regulation, and neuroprotection. In the rat brain, three distinct aromatase-P450-immunoreactive (AromP450-I) neural groups have been(More)
Neuronal aromatase, the enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of androgens to estrogens, is involved in brain sexual differentiation, the regulation of reproductive behavior, and gonadotropin secretion. We have previously reported that aromatase P450 (AromP450) protein expression is enhanced by both androgens and estrogens in the principal nucleus of the bed(More)
We constructed and analyzed hybrid Escherichia coli-Helicobacter pylori rpoD genes in an E. coli rpoD mutant. It turned out that a hybrid consisting of E. coli rpoD with subdomain 4.2 of H. pylori rpoD (for -35 recognition) was functional. On the other hand, hybrids consisting of E. coli rpoD with domain 2 and the adjacent sequence of H. pylori rpoD (for(More)
Chlamydia pneumoniae is a widespread pathogen of the respiratory tract that is also associated with atherosclerosis. The whole genome sequence was determined for a Japanese isolate, C. pneumoniae strain J138. The sequence predicted a variety of genes encoding outer membrane proteins (OMPs) including ompA and porB, another 10 predicted omp genes, and 27 pmp(More)
The anti-serum against an unknown human placental antigen complex X-P2 (hPAX-P2) immunohistochemically recognizes three putative molecules (hPAX-P2S, hPAX-P2N, and hPAX-P2R), each of which is associated with the stigmoid bodies (STBs), necklace olfactory glomeruli (NOGs), or reticulo-filamentous structures (RFs) in the rat brain. The STBs also contain(More)
Huntingtin-associated protein 1 (HAP1) was identified as an interactor of the gene product (Huntingtin) responsible for Huntington's disease and found to be a core component of the stigmoid body. Even though HAP1 is highly expressed in the brain, detailed information on HAP1 distribution has not been fully described. Focusing on the neuroanatomical analysis(More)
The rpoN gene, encoding the alternative sigma factor (sigma54) of Helicobacter pylori, was amplified from genomic DNA. H. pylori rpoN has an overall similarity to the rpoN of other bacteria, but lacks a glutamine (Q)-rich region in region I and an acidic region in region II. When the rpoN gene was disrupted, the mutant was found to be completely nonmotile.(More)