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BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is a new method for the curative treatment of early gastrointestinal neoplasms, which was developed in order to increase the en bloc and R0 resection rate, especially for lesions larger than 20 mm in diameter. Drawbacks of ESD include the fact that it is technically a substantially more(More)
BACKGROUND Although endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is expected to reduce the local recurrence of gastric cancers, we still experience cases of recurrence after an ESD. OBJECTIVE To characterize clinical and pathologic features of cases with local recurrence of early gastric cancer after an ESD. DESIGN A prospective cohort study. SETTING AND(More)
BACKGROUND Although Helicobacter pylori infection is closely associated with gastric cancer development, follow-up studies after H. pylori eradication are still scarce. AIM To clarify the cancer preventive effect of H. pylori eradication, with special attention to differences in effect according to histology. METHODS Patients who underwent H. pylori(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) of early gastric cancer is less invasive than surgical resection, and if technically feasible, it may result in less long-term morbidity than does incisional surgery. However, ESD is technically difficult in patients who have had a previous distal gastrectomy. OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to retrospectively(More)
Contact between Helicobacter pylori and gastric epithelial cells results in activation of NF-kappaB followed by secretion of interleukin (IL)-8. However, host-cell receptor(s) and their ligands involved in H. pylori-related IL-8 production have yet to be fully defined. In this study, the interaction between Toll-like receptors (TLRs), which are host(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is one of the most complex and lengthy endoscopic procedures, so deep sedation during ESD is indispensable. Our study aims were to determine whether bispectral index (BIS) monitoring is useful in titrating and reducing the dose of the sedative propofol during ESD, and to measure the(More)
AIM To investigate the predictors of success in step-down of proton pump inhibitor and to assess the quality of life (QOL). METHODS Patients who had heartburn twice a week or more were treated with 20 mg omeprazole (OPZ) once daily for 8 wk as an initial therapy (study 1). Patients whose heartburn decreased to once a week or less at the end of the initial(More)
Interleukin 8 (IL8) is usually produced in both epithelial and monocytic cells during bacterial infections, causing inflammation. Helicobacter pylori induces production of IL8 from gastric epithelial cells via its cag pathogenicity island (cag PAI) system, LPS and outer-membrane protein. In some bacteria, heat-shock protein 60 (HSP60) also elicits a strong(More)
OBJECTIVES The narrow-band imaging (NBI) system is a novel technology that enhances the visualization of microvasculature and mucosal patterns. The aim of this study was to assess the reliability of the NBI system for esophageal cancer screening in patients with head and neck cancers. METHODS A total of 142 patients with head and neck squamous cell(More)
OBJECTIVES Lugol-voiding lesions (LVLs), detected by chromoendoscopy using iodine dye in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (EC) or head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNC), are associated with a second primary carcinoma in the other organ. We undertook a cross-sectional and retrospective cohort study to assess the risk for second primary(More)