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The human thumb is a digit playing crucial roles among all digits used for object manipulation. The special feature of the thumb termed as pad-opposition with four other fingers makes human precision manipulation possible, and during four other fingers dexterously manipulate an object, the thumb functions as a role of stably supporting other's manipulating(More)
—A robot designed to mimic a human becomes kinematically redundant, i.e. its total degrees of freedom becomes larger than the number of physical variables required for description of a given task. Kinematic redundancy may contribute to enhancement of dexterity and versatility, but incurs a problem of ill-posedness of inverse kinematics from the(More)
In order to enhance dexterity in execution of robot tasks, a redundant number of degrees-of-freedom (DOF) is adopted for design of robotic mechanisms like manipulators and multi-fingered hands. Associated with such DOF redundancy relative to the number of physical variables necessary and sufficient for description of a given task, an extra performance index(More)
This paper presents an image-based visual servoing for controlling the position and orientation of a quadrotor using a fixed downward camera observing landmarks on the level ground. In the proposed method, the negative feedback to the image moments is used to control the vertical motion and rotation around the roll axis. On the other hand, the negative(More)
This paper proposes a method for controlling an object with parallel surfaces in a horizontal plane by a pair of finger robots. The control method can achieve stable grasping, relative orientation control, and relative position control of the grasped object. The control inputs require neither any object parameters nor any object sensing, such as tactile(More)
Many robotic hands or prosthetic hands have been developed in the last several decades, and many use tendon-driven mechanisms for their transmissions. Robotic hands are now built with underactuated mechanisms, which have fewer actuators than degrees of freedom, to reduce mechanical complexity or to realize a biomimetic motion such as flexion of an index(More)