Ryuta Koyama

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Microglia are the resident CNS immune cells and active surveyors of the extracellular environment. While past work has focused on the role of these cells during disease, recent imaging studies reveal dynamic interactions between microglia and synaptic elements in the healthy brain. Despite these intriguing observations, the precise function of microglia at(More)
Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is accompanied by an abnormal location of granule cells in the dentate gyrus. Using a rat model of complex febrile seizures, which are thought to be a precipitating insult of TLE later in life, we report that aberrant migration of neonatal-generated granule cells results in granule cell ectopia that persists into adulthood.(More)
Neuroligin (NLG), a postsynaptic adhesion molecule, is involved in the formation of synapses by binding to a cognate presynaptic ligand, neurexin. Here we report that neuroligin-1 (NLG1) undergoes ectodomain shedding at the juxtamembrane stalk region to generate a secreted form of NLG1 and a membrane-tethered C-terminal fragment (CTF) in adult rat brains in(More)
Hippocampal granule cells (GCs) are continuously generated in the subgranular zone of the dentate gyrus (DG) and functionally incorporated to dentate neural circuits even in adulthood. This raises a question about the fate of neonatally born GCs in adult DG. Do they exist until adulthood or are they largely superseded by adult-born GCs? To investigate this(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a member of the neurotrophin family, has drawn much attention as a potential therapeutic target for temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). TLE seizures are produced by synchronized hyperactivity of neuron populations due to the disruption of a balance between excitatory and inhibitory synaptic transmissions. In(More)
Aberrant sprouting and synaptic reorganization of the mossy fiber (MF) axons are commonly found in the hippocampus of temporal lobe epilepsy patients and result in the formation of excitatory feedback loops in the dentate gyrus, a putative cellular basis for recurrent epileptic seizures. Using ex vivo hippocampal cultures, we show that prolonged(More)
Hippocampal mossy fibers, axons of dentate granule cells, converge in the dentate hilus and run through a narrow area called the stratum lucidum to synapse with hilar and CA3 neurons. In the hippocampal formation of temporal lobe epilepsy patients, however, this stereotyped pattern of projection is often collapsed; the mossy fibers branch out of the dentate(More)
During development, axons are guided to their target areas and provide local branching. Spatiotemporal regulation of axon branching is crucial for the establishment of functional connections between appropriate pre- and postsynaptic neurons. Common understanding has been that neuronal activity contributes to the proper axon branching; however, intracellular(More)
Hippocampal mossy fibers, which are the axons of dentate granule cells, are continuously generated owing to adult neurogenesis of granule cells. They extend exclusively into the stratum lucidum, a proximal layer of the CA3 pyramidal cells. We visualized the mossy fiber tracts by Timm histochemical staining and DiI labeling in the cultured hippocampal slices(More)
Axon guidance molecules trigger a cascade of local signal in growth cones and evoke various morphologic responses, including axon attraction, repulsion, elongation, and retraction. However, little is known about whether subcellular compartments, other than axonal growth cones, control axon outgrowth. We found that in isolated dentate granule cells, local(More)