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Cariogenic bacteria and periodontopathic bacteria are present in dental plaque as biofilms. In this study, we investigated the antibacterial effects of essential oils on the following oral bacteria: Porphyromonas gingivalis, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Streptococcus mutans, and Streptococcus sobrinus. We tested manuka oil,(More)
Various oral bacterial species were found to inhibit the growth of Helicobacter pylori strains. The growth inhibitory activities of most of these oral bacteria were adversely affected by heating at 80 degrees C for 60 min or by protease treatment, indicating that these bacteria produce bacteriocin-like inhibitory proteins against H. pylori strains. The(More)
Prevotella intermedia, a black-pigmented, anaerobic, gram-negative bacterium, is associated with various type of periodontitis. Antibiotic treatments via a systemic or local route have been reported as being useful for treating periodontal disease. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of four antibiotics, tetracycline (TET), minocycline(More)
Cranberry juice is known to inhibit bacterial adhesion. We examined the inhibitory effect of cranberry juice on the adhesion of oral streptococci strains labeled with [3H]-thymidine to saliva-coated hydroxyapatite beads (s-HA). When the bacterial cells were momentarily exposed to cranberry juice, their adherence to s-HA decreased significantly compared with(More)
Invasion by Porphyromonas gingivalis has been proposed as a possible mechanism of pathogenesis in periodontal and cardiovascular diseases. Porphyromonas gingivalis have direct access to the systemic circulation and endothelium in periodontitis patients by transient bacteremia. Periodontitis can be described as one of the predominant polymicrobial infections(More)
One major pathogenic factor of Porphyromonas gingivalis is Arg-gingipain (Rgp), an arginine-specific cysteine proteinase. To clarify the effect of rgpA DNA vaccine, we immunized BALB/c mice via the abdomen with a Gene Gun or via the nasal cavity weekly for 6 weeks. After immunization, the mice were challenged orally with P. gingivalis. Immunization elicited(More)
Twenty out of 33 Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans strains formed hemolytic colonies on horse blood agar plates under anaerobic conditions. The hemolytic activity found in A. actinomycetemcomitans strain 137HE was examined. This activity was detected in the late exponential to early stationary phases of growth. Human erythrocytes were the most(More)
Increasing evidence has linked colonization by Helicobacter pylori with the development of gastritis and peptic ulcer disease. H. pylori resides primarily in the gastric mucosa without invading the gastric epithelium, causing persistent mild gastric inflammation. There are many reports examining the relationship between colonization by microorganisms in the(More)
Periodontopathic anaerobes such as Porphyromonas gingivalis are frequently found in aspiration pneumonia and lung abscesses. However, defense mechanisms and responses to these bacterial infections in the lung in vivo remain poorly understood. The coexistence of P. gingivalis with Treponema denticola has been found at higher levels and proportions in(More)
Increasing evidence has linked the anaerobic bacteria forming periodontopathic biofilms with aspiration pneumonia in elderly persons. In experiments designed to eliminate the potent respiratory pathogens forming biofilms in the oral cavity, we have shown that the mechanical and chemical oral cleansing using povidone-iodine effectively reduced the detection(More)