Ryunosuke Ohkawa

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Autotaxin (ATX) is a cancer-associated motogen that has multiple biological activities in vitro through the production of bioactive small lipids, lysophosphatidic acid (LPA). ATX and LPA are abundantly present in circulating blood. However, their roles in circulation remain to be solved. To uncover the physiological role of ATX we analyzed ATX knock-out(More)
Neural stem/progenitor cells (NSPCs) migrate toward a damaged area of the central nervous system (CNS) for the purpose of limiting and/or repairing the damage. Although this migratory property of NSPCs could theoretically be exploited for cell-based therapeutics of CNS diseases, little is known of the mechanisms responsible for migratory responses of NSPCs.(More)
Sphingosine 1-phosphate (Sph-1-P) regulates vascular homeostasis through its receptors like S1P1 and S1P2. While S1P1 works to protect vasculature, S1P2 works antagonistically against it. Therefore, the balance of S1P1 and S1P2 determines the regulation of vascular permeability. In diabetic nephropathy, one of the typical pathological changes is endothelial(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical significance of autotaxin (ATX), a key enzyme for the production of the bioactive lysophospholipid lysophosphatidic acid remains unknown. Serum ATX enzymatic activity reportedly increases in parallel with liver fibrosis and exhibits a gender difference. METHODS Serum ATX antigen level, measured easier than the activity, was(More)
BACKGROUND Controversy exists as to whether autotaxin (ATX) may be importantly associated with pathophysiology of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS We evaluated serum ATX levels and its mRNA expression in consecutive 148 HCC patients treated with radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and 30 patients with hepatic resection. RESULTS Although increased serum(More)
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a biologically active sphingolipid that has pleiotropic effects in a variety of cell types including ECs, SMCs, and macrophages, all of which are central to the development of atherosclerosis. It may therefore exert stimulatory and inhibitory effects on atherosclerosis. Here, we investigated the role of the S1P receptor(More)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a lipid mediator with multiple biological actions. We have reported that LPA stimulates hepatic stellate cell proliferation and inhibits DNA synthesis in hepatocytes, suggesting that LPA might play some role in the liver. We have found that plasma LPA level and serum autotaxin (ATX) activity were increased in patients with(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We have previously shown that the sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P)/S1P receptor-1 (S1P(1)R) axis contributes to the migration of transplanted neural progenitor cells (NPCs) toward areas of spinal cord injury. In the current study, we examined a strategy to increase endogenous NPC migration toward the injured central nervous system to(More)
Autotaxin (ATX) is a tumour cell motility-stimulating factor originally isolated from melanoma cell supernatants. ATX is identical to lysophospholipase D, which produces a bioactive lipid mediator, lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), from lysophosphatidylcholine. ATX is overexpressed in various malignancies, including Hodgkin lymphoma, and ATX may stimulate tumour(More)
BACKGROUND To reduce the risk of transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI), plasma products are mainly made from male donors in some countries because of the lower possibility of alloimmunization; other countries are considering this policy. The advantage of male-only fresh-frozen plasma (FFP) should be examined in a prospective case-control study. (More)