Ryun Suk Lee

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The goal of this study was to clarify the role of the nucleus accumbens septi (NAS) in the expression of cocaine self-administration behaviors. Rats were trained in a continuous reinforcement schedule to press a lever to activate a pump that provided an intravenous injection of cocaine. Once the rats were trained, neuronal activity in the NAS was monitored(More)
We have recently identified a homogeneous population of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-containing neurons in the ventral tegmental area (VTA), an area implicated in the reinforcing properties of alcohol. We evaluated the effects of local and systemic ethanol on VTA GABA neuron spontaneous activity in ethanol naive and chronically treated freely behaving(More)
Although mesolimbic dopamine (DA) transmission has been implicated in behavioral and cortical arousal, DA neurons in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) and substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) are not significantly modulated by anesthetics or the sleep-wake cycle. However, VTA and SN non-DA neurons evince increased firing rates during active wakefulness (AW)(More)
The nucleus accumbens (NAcc) has been hypothesized to be a critical component of the circuit mediating opiate-seeking behaviors. To further explore the electrophysiological correlates of opiate-seeking behavior, we recorded neurons in the NAcc and in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) of rats trained to self-administer heroin for at least 2 weeks. Rats(More)
Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) commonly occurs in individuals receiving bisphosphonates (BPs) with clinical manifestations of the exposed necrotic bone. Although defective wound healing of soft tissue is frequently, if not always, observed in BRONJ, the effects of BPs on oral soft tissue or cells remain unknown. To investigate the(More)
To establish a physiological correlate of goal-directed and reward-seeking non-operant behaviors, we studied the electrophysiological activity of NAcc neurons in unrestrained, naive Sprague-Dawley rats. Our results showed an inhibitory response in 21% (7/34) of the recorded NAcc neurons during spontaneous nosepoking behavior and in 16% (4/25) of the NAcc(More)
The goals of this study were: (1) to determine the effects of acute systemic or local application of ethanol (ETOH) on the response of cerebellar Purkinje cells (P-cells) to iontophoretically applied gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and (2) to characterize the effects of Ro15-4513, a putative antagonist of ETOH-GABA interactions, on ETOH-induced changes in(More)
Dopamine neurons in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) have been implicated in rewarded behaviors, including intracranial self-stimulation (ICSS). We demonstrate, in unrestrained rats, that the discharge activity of a homogeneous population of presumed VTA GABA neurons, implicated in cortical arousal, increases before ICSS of the medial forebrain bundle(More)
The nucleus accumbens septi (NAcc) is considered an important component of the final common pathway involved in the reinforcing properties of ethanol. We studied the effects of intraperitoneal administration of ethanol on spontaneous, glutamate-activated, and fimbria-activated NAcc neurons in acute anesthetized and freely moving unanesthetized rats. Ethanol(More)
We studied the actions of intoxicating doses of ethanol on excitatory inputs from the basolateral nucleus of the amygdala, a major afferent system projecting to the nucleus accumbens (NAcc). In view of the hypothesized role of opioid receptors on the effects of ethanol on NAcc physiology, we also explored whether naloxone modulates ethanol-induced(More)