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Nine hundred eight women aged 40-88 years living in a non-Cd-polluted area in Japan were analyzed for urinary cadmium (Cd), N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (NAG) activity, beta(2)-microglobulin (B2MG) concentration, and for the stiffness index (STIFF) of calcaneal bone using an ultrasound method. The urinary Cd in the subjects, with a mean and range of 2.87(More)
OBJECTIVE The effects of cadmium (Cd) on birth weight have been discussed in the scientific literature. However, investigations on the effects of maternal body burden of Cd on the next generation during pregnancy and lactation have been limited. The relation between maternal exposure to Cd and pregnancy outcome or Cd in breast milk in Japanese mothers was(More)
The interrelations of the seven elements, calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), sodium (Na), potassium (K), phosphorus (P), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), and cadmium (Cd) in human breast milk were examined in Japanese mothers to clarify the effects of Cd exposure on these important elements for infant growth. Breast milk and urine samples were obtained from 68 mothers,(More)
To clarify the significance of elevated serum total alkaline phosphatase activity (t-ALP) in persons exposed to environmental cadmium (Cd), the fraction of ALP originating from bone (b-ALP) was assayed using a wheat-germ agglutinin method in 23 men and 20 women in a Cd-polluted area who showed excessive urinary beta 2-microglobulin excretion, and in 21 men(More)
There are more than 50 cadmium (Cd) polluted areas in Japan. The severest general environmental Cd polluted area in Japan was the Jinzu River basin in Toyama Prefecture where Itai-itai disease had been endemic. The present study aimed to compare organ Cd concentrations of inhabitants who had been exposed to different levels of environmental Cd and to(More)
A cross-sectional study on 6,676 workers consisting of 4,243 males and 2,433 females aged 20-58 yr in a metal product factory was conducted to elucidate the relationship between work characteristics, e.g. job demand/control/support, sedentary job, overtime work and shift work, and waist to hip ratio (WHR) as well as body mass index (BMI) taking alcohol(More)
OBJECTIVES Dioxin levels in the breast milk of mothers residing near hot spots of dioxin contamination areas in South Vietnam remain much higher than in unsprayed areas, suggesting that fetuses and breast-fed infants may be exposed to high levels of dioxins. The present study investigated the association of infant neurodevelopment in early infancy and(More)
We compared thyroid hormone levels of inhabitants (19 men and 16 women) of the cadmium (Cd)-polluted Kakehashi River basin in Ishikawa Prefecture, with those of subjects (23 men and 47 women) living in a non-polluted area. In addition, we investigated the relationships between the thyroid hormone levels and indices of renal dysfunction induced by Cd(More)
We investigated the biological half-life of the urinary cadmium concentration (U-Cd) based on a 24-year follow-up study after cessation of cadmium exposure in a cadmium-polluted area. Spot urine samples were obtained from all inhabitants in this area in 1979, 1986, 1991, 1999 and 2003. Biological half-life was calculated in the inhabitants whose U-Cd was(More)
Female rats were exposed by intragastric administration with a cannula 1mg/kg/day or 10mg/kg/day CdCl2 for the 11 days from the 9th to 19th day of pregnancy, and the effects of Cd exposure on eight elements, Na, K, Ca, Mg, P, Fe, Zn, and Cu in fetal liver, kidney, brain, fetal membrane and placenta then examined. We found that: (1) although Cd was not(More)