Ryuji Yokokawa

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Massively parallel and individual DNA manipulation for analysis has been demonstrated by designing a fully self-assembled molecular system using motor proteins. DNA molecules were immobilized by trapping in a polyacrylamide gel replica, and were digested by a restriction enzyme, XhoI, for DNA analysis. One end of the lambdaDNA was modified with biotin and(More)
We have demonstrated a novel micro/nano transportation system using the adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-driven biomolecular motors. Two kinds of linear biomolecular motor systems, microtubulekinesin [1] and actinmyosin [2], are investigated as driving mechanisms in the system. The rail molecules, microtubules, and actin are patterned on a glass substrate using(More)
Artificial nanotransport systems inspired by intracellular transport processes have been investigated for over a decade using the motor protein kinesin and microtubules. However, only unidirectional cargo transport has been achieved for the purpose of nanotransport in a microfluidic system. Here, we demonstrate bidirectional nanotransport by integrating(More)
We demonstrate the active transport of liquid cargos in the form of oil-in-water emulsion droplets loaded on kinesin motor proteins moving along oriented microtubules. We analyze the motility properties of the kinesin motors (velocity and run length) and find that the liquid cargo in the form of oil droplets does not alter the motor function of the kinesin(More)
The concept of a reconstructed microtubule kinesin-based transport system was originally introduced for studies of underlying biophysical mechanisms of intracellular transport and its potential applications in bioengineering at micro- and nanoscale levels. However, several technically challenging shortcomings prohibit its use in practical applications. One(More)
The field of microfluidics has drastically contributed to downscale the size of benchtop experiments to the dimensions of a chip without compromising results. However, further miniaturization and the ability to directly manipulate individual molecules require a platform that permits organized molecular transport. The motor proteins and microtubules that(More)
We present experiments and theory of a constant flow-driven microfluidic oscillator with widely tunable oscillation periods. This oscillator converts two constant input-flows from a syringe pump into an alternating, periodic output-flow with oscillation periods that can be adjusted to between 0.3 s to 4.1 h by tuning an external membrane capacitor. This(More)
This paper presents microfluidic devices that autonomously convert two constant flow inputs into an alternating oscillatory flow output. We accomplish this hardware embedded self-control programming using normally closed membrane valves that have an inlet, an outlet, and a membrane-pressurization chamber connected to a third terminal. Adjustment of(More)
One of challenges for using microtubules (MTs) driven by kinesin motors in microfluidic environments is to control their direction of movement. Although applying physical biases to rectify MTs is prevalent, it has not been established as a design methodology in conjunction with microfluidic devices. In the future, the methodology is expected to achieve(More)
Despite the benefits of miniaturized devices, handling of tiny amount of molecules became a great challenge. Direct transport, similar to the one in intracellular transport, is a way to cope with the problem of transporting tiny amount of materials. Using motor proteins, i.e. kinesin, and the corresponding rail structures, i.e. microtubules, provides(More)