Ryuji Yamada

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The Ca 2 influx controlled by intracellular Ca 2 stores, called store-operated Ca 2 entry (SOC), occurs in various eukaryotic cells, but whether CNS neurons are endowed with SOC capability and how they may operate have been contentious issues. Using Ca 2 imaging, we present evidence for the presence of SOC in cultured hippocampal pyramidal neurons.(More)
The Ca2+ influx controlled by intracellular Ca2+ stores, called store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOC), occurs in various eukaryotic cells, but whether CNS neurons are endowed with SOC capability and how they may operate have been contentious issues. Using Ca2+ imaging, we present evidence for the presence of SOC in cultured hippocampal pyramidal neurons.(More)
Axon guidance molecules trigger a cascade of local signal in growth cones and evoke various morphologic responses, including axon attraction, repulsion, elongation, and retraction. However, little is known about whether subcellular compartments, other than axonal growth cones, control axon outgrowth. We found that in isolated dentate granule cells, local(More)
The present study demonstrates that ultrasound irradiation can facilitate bacteria-mediated gene delivery (bactofection). Escherichia coli modified with avidin were employed as a vehicle for delivery of the green fluorescent protein (GFP) gene, a model heterologous gene, into the breast cancer cell line MCF-7. Avidin-mediated binding of E. coli to MCF-7(More)
Controlling axon and dendrite elongation is critical in developing precise neural circuits. Using isolated cultures of dentate granule neurons, we succeeded in simultaneously monitoring the behaviors of axonal and dendritic outgrowth. Our previous study shows that cAMP contributes differentially to Sema3F-induced responses of axons and dendrites, but we(More)
Controlling axon and dendrite elongation is critical in developing precise neural circuits. Using isolated cultures of dentate granule neurons, we established an experimental system that can simultaneously monitor the behaviors of axonal and dendritic outgrowth. Our previous study shows that axons and dendrites respond differentially to manipulated cyclic(More)
Neurite polarity is a morphological characteristic of dentate gyrus granule cells, which extend axons to the hilar region and dendrites in the opposite direction, i.e. to the molecular layer. This remarkable polarity must require a differential system for axon and dendrite guidance. Here, we report that the axon and dendrites of a granule cell are(More)
Dentate granule cells (DGCs) and their microcircuits have been implicated in hippocampus-dependent memory encoding and epileptogenesis. Little is known about how the proper maturation of DGCs is determined by their intrinsic programs or external factors during development. In order to explore this, we dispersed premature DGCs on living hippocampal slices.(More)
Responses to environmental stimuli are mediated by the activation and inactivation of various signalling proteins. However, the temporal dynamics of these events in living animals are not well understood. Here we show real-time imaging of the activity of the key regulator of the MAP kinase pathway, Ras, in living Caenorhabditis elegans and that Ras is(More)
Although primary cultures of neurons are essential methods for cell biological and pharmacological researches, many animals must be sacrificed for each experiment. Here we introduce a novel system to cryopreserve hippocampal granule cells (GCs) prepared from postnatal rats. Being thawed after as long as 60 days of cryopreservation, GCs expressed the mature(More)