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Movement-related cortical potentials (MRPs) were recorded from scalp electrodes in 8 normal volunteers and from chronically implanted subdural electrodes in 7 patients who were being evaluated for surgical treatment of epilepsy. From subdural electrodes, a clearly defined, extremely localized slow negative potential preceding the voluntary movement of the(More)
We have recorded movement-related cortical potentials (MRCPs) to voluntary middle finger extension from 10 young and 10 old subjects free of neurological disease using the method of detecting EMG onset associated with each movement described by Barrett et al. (1985). The slow potential shifts preceding movement were measured by fitting a linear regression(More)
Pain-related somatosensory evoked potentials following CO2 laser stimulation (pain SEPs) and conventional electrically-stimulated SEPs (electric SEPs) were examined in 8 patients with syringomyelia who showed various forms of dissociated sensory loss. Unlike clinical examination using a pin or needle, pain SEP is considered to be an objective and(More)
Conduction velocity of A delta fibers of the human peripheral nerves was measured by using pain-related somatosensory evoked potentials following CO2 laser stimulation. It was found to be approximately 9 m/s in the forearm as well as in the lower leg. Because conventional conduction study using electric stimulation reflects only functions of large(More)
Two patients with action tremor that was thought to originate in the cerebral cortex showed fine shivering-like finger twitching provoked mainly by action and posture. Surface EMG showed relatively rhythmic discharge at a rate of about 9 Hz, which resembled essential tremor. However, electrophysiologic studies revealed giant somatosensory evoked potentials(More)
Fifty-seven consecutive patients with myoclonus from various causes were studied by electrophysiological techniques. Giant somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) were observed almost exclusively in patients with progressive myoclonic epilepsy (PME) and diseases with similar clinical features that included lipidosis, neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis and(More)
Pain-related somatosensory evoked potentials (pain SEPs) following CO2 laser stimulation as well as conventional electrically stimulated SEPs (electric SEPs) were examined in 10 patients with peripheral neuropathies in whom the histopathological examination of the sural nerve was done. Results of pain SEPs showed a positive relationship with clinical(More)
A new computer-assisted system for automatic interpretation of the awake electroencephalogram (EEG) was developed. First, all the items necessary for EEG interpretation were determined in accordance with the procedure that a qualified electroencephalographer (EEGer) goes through for the visual inspection of the background EEG activity, and then each item(More)
In order to develop an experimental paradigm for clinical application of cognitive event-related potentials we have recorded these potentials in a group of 27 healthy Japanese, aged 20-78 years, using all 4 stimulus/response combinations of auditory or somatosensory stimuli requiring a counting or button-press response. In an oddball paradigm we recorded N1(More)
An auditory discrimination paradigm was employed to elicit event-related brain potentials in 13 patients with Alzheimer's disease and 14 patients with multi-infarct dementia. The P300 latency was significantly prolonged in 12 patients with dementia compared with age-matched controls and showed a significant negative correlation with the score of Wechsler(More)