Ryuji Ishikawa

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Albino rice plants derived from pollen contain plastid genomes that have suffered large-scale deletions. From the roots of albino plants, we obtained several calli containing homogeneous plastid DNA differing in the size and position of the deletion. Southern blotting and pulsed field gel electrophoresis experiments revealed that the DNAs were linear(More)
Cultivated rice (Oryza sativa) is an AA genome Oryza species that was most likely domesticated from wild populations of O. rufipogon in Asia. O. rufipogon and O. meridionalis are the only AA genome species found within Australia and occur as widespread populations across northern Australia. The chloroplast genome sequence of O. rufipogon from Asia and(More)
DNA amplification fingerprinting using arbitrary primer(s) was applied to the identification of Malus species. Highly variable DNA fragment patterns were clearly detected by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of the amplified extension products, although three sports of Delicious exhibited the same fingerprint as the original cultivar. The fingerprinting of(More)
Seed coat color in soybean is controlled by the classically defined I (Inhibitor) locus. The seeds of most commercial soybean varieties are yellow due to the presence of a dominant allele of the I locus (I: yellow seed coat, or i i : pigmented hilum and yellow seed coat), which inhibits seed coat pigmentation. Analysis of spontaneous mutations from I(More)
By developing gene-specific RT-PCR and using filters to allow transmission down to 290 nm (UV-B+) or blocking all radiation below 320 nm (UV-B−), the effect of UV-B+ and UV-B− light on expression of each of the presently known seven members of soybean chalcone synthase (CHS) gene family in dark-grown seedlings was analyzed. Dark expression was detectable(More)
In Bhutan, weedy rice (Oryza sativa L.) was grown together with cultivated rice on terraced paddy fields lower than 2620 m above sea level. Seeds of cultivars and weedy strains were collected at 22 collection sites located from 1000 to 2620 m above sea level. Cultivars with round seeds were frequently found in fields higher than 2250 m, and those with(More)
Plant R2R3-MYB transcription factors are encoded by more than 100 copies of genes. In this study, we attempted to isolate some members of the R2R3-MYB superfamily involved in regulation of nitrogen fixation in legumes. A library of 300 recombinant plasmid clones containing the R2R3-MYB fragments of the superfamily was screened by differential hybridization(More)
Allelic resistance (R) genes at the Pik locus for rice blast resistance consist of two genes, designated as the first gene and the second gene, which each have a nucleotide-binding site and a leucine-rich repeat. We investigated allelic nucleotide sequence diversity at this locus in 36 rice lines and searched for gene regions showing high rates of(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the extent of genetic erosion of traditional upland germplasm in northern Thailand as a result of gene-flow from distinct strains carrying different genotypes. Even modern variety specific markers have not been developed, there is a comparative population in Laos. Thus, both populations were compared with various(More)
Plastid subtype ID (PS-ID) sequences were determined from sequence data based on CA repeats between genes rpl16 and rpl14 in Japanese lowland and upland cultivars. The PS-ID sequences of Japanese rice cultivars showed that there are different maternal origins between lowland and upland cultivars. One subtype, 6C7A, of PS-ID sequences was predominant in all(More)