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Deletion and RFLP studies with 5 cloned DNA markers localized at 15q11.2 were performed in 50 patients with the Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS). A one-copy density (deletion) for at least one of 4 loci, D15S9, D15S11, D15S10, D15S12, was detected in 32 (64%) of the 50 patients; deletions of each of the 4 loci were found in 29, 30, 29, and 28 patients,(More)
Evidence from cDNA cloning has shown that calcitonin receptors (CTRs) have seven potential transmembrane domains. In this study, structural analysis of CTRs from ten cultured human tumor cell lines and 117 human blood samples demonstrated allelic variants at the 1377th nucleotide in intracellular domain 4, expressing either proline or leucine as the 463rd(More)
We report the arthroscopic treatment of pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) in a 13-year-old Japanese boy with congenital partial deficiency of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1). He was admitted to our hospital with recurrent haemarthrosis of his right knee. Characteristic abnormalities of fibrinolysis included shortened euglobulin lysis time,(More)
Mitochondrial acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase (T2) deficiency is an inherited metabolic disorder of isoleucine and ketone body catabolism. We report the cases of two siblings who showed clinically mild forms of this disorder. They did not excrete tiglylglycine in urine. Their EB-transformed lymphocytes contained residual T2 activity, which was confirmed by(More)
M ental retardation (MR) occurs in 2–3% of the general population, and more than half of MR patients are categorised as idiopathic—that is, the cause is unknown. 1 2 Patients with idiopathic MR are presumed to be affected with certain genetic disorders or undetectable chromosomal abnormalities. MR may also be caused by environmental factors independently or(More)
Sir: Chromosome 1p36 deletion syndrome is a common, recently recognised chromosome deletion syndrome, characterised by moderate to severe psychomotor retardation, seizures, growth delay and craniofacial dysmorphism [1,4]. We report the first case of 1p36 deletion syndrome with intestinal malrotation and annular pancreas. A 1-year-old Japanese boy was born(More)
Oligomeganephronia (OMN) is a rare, renal hypoplasia, consisting of a reduced number of hypertrophied nephrons. This disorder has been considered to be a congenital but not a genetic disease. We describe the first report, to the best of our knowledge, of familial cases of OMN; two male siblings ran rapidly downhill courses and died 11 and 8 days after(More)