Ryuichi Tsujita

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RATIONALE The prefrontal cortex is implicated in the pathophysiology of depression, and hypoactivity of this brain area has been found in depressed patients. Reduced function of the serotonergic and noradrenergic systems is another feature of depression. OBJECTIVES The present study was aimed at characterizing neurochemically and behaviorally the(More)
BACKGROUND Thrombomodulin alfa (TM-α, recombinant thrombomodulin) significantly improved disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) when compared with heparin therapy in a phase III study. Post-marketing surveillance of TM-α was performed to evaluate the effects and safety in patients with sepsis-induced DIC. METHODS From May 2008 to April 2010, a total(More)
In this study the first PDE4B selective inhibitor is described. Optimization of lead 2-arylpyrimidine derivatives afforded a series of potent PDE4B inhibitors with >100-fold selectivity over the PDE4D isozyme. With a good pharmacokinetic profile, a selected compound exhibited potent anti-inflammatory effects in vivo and showed less emesis compared with(More)
(+/-)-(Z)-2-(Aminomethyl)-1-phenylcyclopropane-N,N-diethylcarbo xamide (milnacipran, 1), a clinically useful antidepressant, and its derivatives were prepared by an improved method and were evaluated as NMDA receptor antagonists. Of these, milnacipran (1), its N-methyl and N,N-dimethyl derivatives, 7 and 8, respectively, and its homologue 12 at the(More)
Prevention of NH2-terminal myristoylation of pp60v-src was determined with N-fatty acyl glycinal derivatives. Of all the compounds tested, N-myristoyl and N-lauroyl glycinal diethylacetal, N-myristoyl glycyl glycinal diethylacetal, and N-myristoyl-4-aminobutyl aldehyde diethylacetal strongly inhibited myristoylation of pp60v-src; but N-myristoyl diglycyl,(More)
N-Myristoyl glycinal diethylacetal strongly inhibited morphological transformation of chick embryo fibroblasts infected with a temperature-sensitive mutant (tsNY68) of Rous sarcoma virus. Myristoylated or nonmyristoylated pp60v-src, which were expressed in tsNY68-infected cells in the absence or presence of the compound, were identified separately by(More)
We report the cloning and expression of a novel 5-HT receptor gene from human genomic DNA. This clone, HGCR1, contains an apparently intronless open reading frame of 390 amino acids with the seven hydrophobic regions, typical of G-protein coupled receptors. The deduced amino acid sequence of HGCR1 is 39%, 55% and 87% identical to that for the human 5-HT1A,(More)
(1S,2R)-1-Phenyl-2-[(S)-1-aminopropyl]-N,N-diethylcyclopropanecarboxamide (PPDC, ), which is a conformationally restricted analogue of the antidepressant milnacipran [(+/-)-1], represents a new class of potent NMDA receptor antagonists. A series of PPDC analogues modified at the carbamoyl moiety were synthesized. Among these,(More)
(1S,2R)-1-Phenyl-2-[(S)-1-aminopropyl]-N,N-diethylcyclopropanecarboxamide (PPDC, 4a), which is a conformationally restricted analogue of antidepressant milnacipran [(+/-)-1], is a new class of potent noncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonists. A series of PPDC analogues modified at the 1-phenyl moiety, that is, the analogue 6 lacking 1-phenyl group, the(More)
A series of conformationally restricted analogues of milnacipran, a weak NMDA receptor antagonist, were designed by a method based on allylic strain. The conformational analysis study showed that the allylic-strain-based conformational restriction indeed occurred and that the affinity for the NMDA receptor was efficiently improved by the conformational(More)