Ryuichi S. Nagaosa

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The present paper summarizes the results of animal studies on the reproductive and developmental toxicity of the degradation products of refrigerants, including trifluoroacetic acid (TFA), carbon dioxide (CO(2)), carbon monoxide (CO), carbonyl fluoride (CF), hydrogen fluoride (HF) and formic acid (FA). Excessive CO(2) in the atmosphere is testicular and(More)
The present paper summarizes data on the reproductive and developmental toxicity of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), including pentafluoroethane (HFC-125), 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a), 1,1,1-trifluoroethane (HFC-143a), 1,1-difluoroethane (HFC-152a), difluoromethane (HFC-32) and 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoropropane (HFC-245fa), used as refrigerants, published in(More)
This study proposes a procedure for a risk analysis for leakages of flammable refrigerants into a poorly ventilated three-dimensional space. It also presents several test cases of risk analyses on flammability and ignitions to a leaked refrigerant. Concentration of a leaked flammable refrigerant at a leakage window, Cin, is determined by mass balance,(More)
This study proposes a new numerical formulation of the spread of a flammable gas leakage. A new numerical approach has been applied to establish fundamental data for a hazard assessment of flammable gas spread in an enclosed residential space. The approach employs an extended version of a two-compartment concept, and determines the leakage concentration of(More)
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