Ryuichi Matsuno

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The gene product of an open reading frame of the chloroplast genome, accD, that has sequence similarity with a subunit of acetyl-CoA carboxylase from Escherichia coli was detected immunochemically in pea chloroplasts. The apparent molecular mass of the accD protein was 87 kDa on SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The protein was acidic and had less(More)
The effects of medium-chain fatty acids (MCFA) on intracellular calcium (Ca2+) levels and actin filaments in the Caco-2 monolayer were investigated. A site-dependent increase in intracellular Ca2+ levels caused by decanoic acid (C10) at 13 mM was observed by confocal laser scanning microscopy. The area in which the intracellular Ca2+ levels was increased(More)
Eleven cDNA clones (pra1 to pra9A, pra9B, and pra9C) were isolated from a pea (Pisum sativum) leaf cDNA library which were similar to small GTP-binding proteins. These cDNAs encoded proteins of 22-25 kDa, which exhibited 45-92% identity to one another at the amino acid level. The putative proteins included the characteristic sequences of ras-related small(More)
Rice straw was treated with NaOH, peracetic acid (PA), and sodium chlorite (NaClO2). Quantitative changes in the composition of the treated straw, crystallinity of the treated straw and extracted cellulose, and susceptibility of the treated straw to Trichoderma reesei cellulase were studied. The alkali treatment resulted in a remarkable decrease in(More)
The dedB gene of Escherichia coli has sequence similarity to the zfpA gene of the chloroplast chromosome. The functions of dedB and zfpA are unknown. We constructed derivatives of temperature-sensitive polA strains into whose chromosomes a plasmid containing the disrupted dedB gene was integrated by homologous recombination. These strains contained normal(More)
A mathematical model is proposed for the elution of proteins on ion exchange columns by a linear gradient increase and stepwise increase of ionic strength in order to predict relationships between the elution characteristics (the peak position, the peak width, etc.) and the operating conditions (the flow rate, the slope of gradient, etc). This model is in(More)
The effects of natural and non-natural fatty acids on enhancing the absorption of a hydrophilic marker through a human epithelial cell (Caco-2) monolayer were measured to elucidate the properties of the fatty acids. Fatty acids from C9 to C14 enhanced the absorption depending on the concentration and the carbon chain length. Those fatty acids with longer(More)
A 5.1 kb segment of pea chloroplast DNA containing the upstream region of petA was sequenced. RNAs produced from this DNA were characterized. This region encodes putative genes for psbK, trnQ, zfpA, psaI, ORF231, and petA. These genes are all on the same reading strand except for psbK. The gene organization is somewhat different from that of tobacco, rice,(More)
β-Galactosidase-2 (β-d-galactoside galactohydrolase, EC 3.2.1.23) from Bacillus circulans was purified using hydroxyapatite gel chromatography and immobilized onto Duolite ES-762 (phenolformaldehyde resin) and Merckogel (controlled pore silica gel) for continuous production of galacto-oligosaccharides using lactose as the substrate. The maximum amount of(More)
6-O-Eicosapentaenoyl l-ascorbate (EPA-AsA) was synthesized through condensation of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and l-ascorbic acid in acetone using immobilized lipase from Candida antarctica, Chirazyme l-2. The maximum yield of 47% was attained with 620 mmol EPA and 0.125 mmol l-ascorbic acid in 2.5 ml acetone dehydrated by molecular sieves at 55 °C. More(More)