Ryuichi Hishida

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We used autofluorescence of mitochondrial flavoproteins to image cortical neural activity in the rat. Green autofluorescence in blue light was examined in slices obtained from rat cerebral cortex. About half of the basal autofluorescence was modulated by the presence or absence of O2 or glucose in the medium. Repetitive electrical stimulation at 20 Hz for 1(More)
BACKGROUND Visual information conveyed through the extrageniculate visual pathway, which runs from the retina via the superior colliculus (SC) and the lateral posterior nucleus (LPN) of the thalamus to the higher visual cortex, plays a critical role in the visual capabilities of many mammalian species. However, its functional role in the higher visual(More)
Endogenous fluorescence signals derived from mitochondria reflect activity-dependent changes in brain metabolism and may be exploited in functional brain imaging. Endogenous flavoprotein fluorescence imaging in mice is especially important because many genetically manipulated strains of mice are available and the transparent skull of mice allows(More)
The primary auditory cortex (AI) is the representative recipient of information from the ears in the mammalian cortex. However, the delineation of the AI is still controversial in a mouse. Recently, it was reported, using optical imaging, that two distinct areas of the AI, located ventrally and dorsally, are activated by high-frequency tones, whereas only(More)
In the present study, short-term plasticity of somatosensory neural responses was investigated using flavoprotein autofluorescence imaging in rats anaesthetized with urethane (1.5 g/kg, i.p.) Somatosensory neural activity was elicited by vibratory skin stimulation (50 Hz for 1 s) applied on the surface of the left plantar hindpaw. Changes in green(More)
We investigated the roles of the auditory cortex in discrimination learning of vowel-like sounds consisting of multiple formants. Rats were trained to discriminate between synthetic sounds with four formants. Bilateral electrolytic lesions including the primary auditory cortex and the dorsal auditory association cortex impaired multiformant discrimination,(More)
Sensory information is processed in neural networks connecting the primary sensory cortices with surrounding higher areas. Here, we investigated the properties of local connections between the primary auditory cortex (area 41) and surrounding areas (areas 20, 36, 18a and 39) in rat cerebral slices. Neural activities elicited by repetitive electrical(More)
Clustered protocadherins (cPcdhs) comprising cPcdh-α, -β, and -γ, encode a large family of cadherin-like cell-adhesion molecules specific to neurons. Impairment of cPcdh-α results in abnormal neuronal projection patterns in specific brain areas. To elucidate the role of cPcdh-α in retinogeniculate projections, we investigated the morphological patterns of(More)
In sensory cortices, synaptic plasticities such as long-term potentiation (LTP) and long-term depression (LTD) have important roles in the development of neural circuits and sensory information processing. However, the differential roles and mechanisms of the various types of LTP and LTD are not clear. In the present study, we investigated LTP and two types(More)
We investigated precise projection patterns from the ventral division of the medial geniculate body (MGv) projecting to the core region of the auditory cortex in C57BL/6 mice. The core region in mice comprises two different tonotopically organized areas, the anterior auditory field (AAF) and the primary auditory cortex (AI). In the present study, AAF and AI(More)