Ryuichi Hayashi

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PURPOSE Patients with oral tongue carcinoma treated by intraoral excision only should be followed up carefully for cervical lymph node metastasis and salvaged immediately if found, because some patients have a more aggressive clinical course. The purpose of this study was to find useful markers for predicting late cervical metastasis in patients with stage(More)
PURPOSE The cure rate for unresectable malignancies of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses is low. Because irradiation with proton beams, which are characterized by their rapid fall-off at the distal end of the Bragg peak and sharp lateral penumbra, depending on energy, depth, and delivery, provide better dose distribution than X-ray irradiation, proton(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of the present study was to clarify the clinicopathological characteristics, reconstruction methods after resection, and prognosis of cervical esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. METHODS Seventy-four with squamous cell carcinomas of the cervical esophagus not previously treated who underwent cervical esophagectomy or total esophagectomy(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS For reconstruction after subtotal or total glossectomy, both preserving the larynx and maintaining postoperative swallowing and speech functions can greatly improve quality of life; however, postoperative functional results are often unstable. Our experiences suggest that insufficient flap volume in the oral area and postoperative(More)
A right malar mass developed in a 68-year-old man who had undergone right upper and middle bilobectomy for lung cancer 2 years previously. The mass was diagnosed to be a malar metastasis from lung cancer and was surgically resected because no other metastases were found. The patient is well without signs of recurrence 5 years after resection of the malar(More)
OBJECTIVE Few cancer physicians routinely provide bereavement follow-up in clinical practice. The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence of impaired mental health among the bereaved spouses over several years and explore the indicators for early detection of high-risk spouses during end-of life (EOL) care. METHODS A cross-sectional mail(More)
BACKGROUND Examinations used to search for unknown primary tumors of squamous cell carcinomas of the neck include CT, MRI, laryngoscopy, gastrointestinal endoscopy, and positron-emission tomography (PET). Narrow band imaging (NBI) endoscopy in which an optical color-separation filter is used to narrow the bandwidth of spectral transmittance is also used. (More)
OBJECTIVE In cases of differentiated thyroid carcinoma, the presence or absence of invasion into the circumferential organs is an important prognostic factor. Surgical procedures include circular resection of the trachea with end-to-end anastomosis and window resection with secondary closure. We have used window resection with secondary closure since 1993,(More)
BACKGROUND The newly developed narrowband imaging (NBI) gastrointestinal endoscope makes possible the detection of superficial carcinoma in the oropharynx and hypopharynx, which is difficult with the conventional laryngoscope. Here, we investigated whether the combined use of laryngoscope with NBI allows the detection of superficial carcinoma in this(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Defects of the lateral and superior oropharyngeal wall are difficult to reconstruct because of their complicated anatomy and the possibility of causing velopharyngeal incompetence. The objective was to investigate problems of reconstruction and postoperative velopharyngeal function. STUDY DESIGN Defects were classified into three(More)