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Fifty-seven consecutive patients with myoclonus from various causes were studied by electrophysiological techniques. Giant somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) were observed almost exclusively in patients with progressive myoclonic epilepsy (PME) and diseases with similar clinical features that included lipidosis, neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis and(More)
Methylphenidate (MPH), a dopamine uptake inhibitor, is the most commonly prescribed drug for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children. We examined the effect of MPH on dopamine- and cAMP-regulated phosphoprotein, Mr 32 kDa (DARPP-32) phosphorylation at Thr34 (PKA-site) and Thr75 (Cdk5-site) using neostriatal slices from(More)
Neurotensin is a neuropeptide involved in dopaminergic signalling. We have recently reported that neurotensin stimulates the phosphorylation of DARPP-32 (dopamine- and cAMP-regulated phosphoprotein of Mr 32 kDa) at Thr34 (PKA-site) by activating dopamine D1-type receptors in neostriatal neurons. DARPP-32 is also phosphorylated by cyclin-dependent kinase 5(More)
Studies in animal models of Parkinson's disease have revealed that degeneration of noradrenaline neurons is involved in the motor deficits. Several types of adrenoceptors are highly expressed in neostriatal neurons. However, the selective actions of these receptors on striatal signaling pathways have not been characterized. In this study, we investigated(More)
To study the temporal aspect of visual processing of senile dementia of the Alzheimer type (SDAT), we recorded the steady-state visual evoked potentials (VEPs) to LED goggle stimulation at five different temporal frequencies in 14 patients with SDAT and 14 control subjects. For comparison, we also studied 14 patients with vascular dementia (VD). All(More)
Magnetic stimulation of the brain and cervical and lumbar spinal roots was performed on 48 healthy subjects in order to investigate the effects of sex, height and age on motor evoked potentials (MEPs). The compound muscle action potentials were recorded from the abductor pollicis brevis and abductor hallucis muscles. The central motor conduction time (CMCT)(More)
Electrophysiological investigation was performed in 3 patients with beta-galactosidase and sialidase deficiencies (sialidosis type 2) in order to elucidate the underlying mechanism of intention myoclonus. It is a rare neuronal storage disease that begins in childhood with mental retardation, skeletal abnormalities, progressive myoclonus and cherry-red spots(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Improved CTA delineation of arteries and unruptured aneurysms is clinically desired in the posterior fossa. We present a novel model-based iterative reconstruction that models system statistics and optics to improve CT image quality. We investigated the utility of MBIR for improving delineation of arteries in the posterior fossa on 3D(More)