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A series of tricyclic quinoxalinediones, 5,6-dihydro-1H-pyrrolo[1,2,3-de]quinoxaline-2,3-diones and 6,7-dihydro-1H,5H-pyrido[1,2,3-de]quinoxaline-2,3-diones, were synthesized and was evaluated for their affinity for the glycine binding site of the NMDA receptor using a [3H]-5,7-dichlorokynurenic acid binding assay. The six-membered ring-fused tricyclic(More)
A series of substituted oxindole derivatives of SM-130686 was synthesized and evaluated as ghrelin receptor agonists. Modification of the substituents on the C3-aromatic part of the oxindole led to compounds with subnanomolar binding affinities. Compound 4i (IC(50)=0.02 nM) was orally active at low doses and showed in vivo activity when orally administered,(More)
A series of substituted oxindole derivatives was synthesized and evaluated for growth hormone (GH) releasing activity using cultured rat pituitary cells. (+)-6-Carbamoyl-3-(2-chlorophenyl)-(2-diethylaminoethyl)-4-trifluoromethyloxindole (SM-130686, 37S) was found to have potent activity (EC(50) = 3.0 nM), while the other enantiomer 37R had reduced activity.(More)
The purpose of this study was to clarify the in vitro pharmacological profile and the in vivo activity of (3S)-7-chloro-3-[2-((1R)-1-carboxyethoxy)-4-aminomethylphenyl]aminocarbonylmethyl-1,3,4,5-tetrahydrobenz[c,d]indole-2-carboxylic acid hydrochloride (SM-31900). SM-31900 inhibited the binding of [3H]glycine and [3H]5,7-dichlorokynurenic acid,(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is a potent fibrotic factor responsible for the synthesis of extracellular matrix (ECM) and is implicated as the major determinant in pathogenesis of chronic fibroses, including kidney. The novel small compound SMP-534 reduced ECM production induced by TGF-beta in fibroblast cells. SMP-534 inhibited(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Diabetic nephropathy is now the most common cause of end-stage renal disease. It is also clear that the current therapy, angiotensin II blockage, cannot prevent the progression of diabetic nephropathy. We had previously demonstrated that an antifibrotic agent, SMP-534, reduced extracellular matrix production induced by transforming growth(More)
SM-130686, an oxindole derivative, is a novel orally active GH secretagogue (GHS) which is structurally distinct from previously reported GHSs such as MK-677, NN703 and hexarelin. SM-130686 stimulates GH release from cultured rat pituitary cells in a dose-dependent manner. Half-maximum stimulation was observed at a concentration of 6.3+/-3.4 nM.(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Diabetic nephropathy is the main cause of end-stage renal disease. Previously we have demonstrated that SMP-534 (an antifibrotic agent) prevents the development of diabetic nephropathy in db/db mouse and that combined treatment with SMP-534 and losartan (antihypertensive agents) markedly prevents the development of diabetic nephropathy(More)
A series of tricyclic indole-2-carboxylic acid derivatives were synthesized and evaluated by the radioligand binding assay and the anticonvulsant effects in the mouse NMDA-induced seizure model. Among them, derivatives of 3S-(-)-4 such as 3a, 3f, and 3g which had certain zwitterionic anilides showed high affinity to the NMDA-glycine binding site. The(More)