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A series of substituted oxindole derivatives was synthesized and evaluated for growth hormone (GH) releasing activity using cultured rat pituitary cells. (+)-6-Carbamoyl-3-(2-chlorophenyl)-(2-diethylaminoethyl)-4-trifluoromethyloxindole (SM-130686, 37S) was found to have potent activity (EC(50) = 3.0 nM), while the other enantiomer 37R had reduced activity.(More)
A series of substituted oxindole derivatives of SM-130686 was synthesized and evaluated as ghrelin receptor agonists. Modification of the substituents on the C3-aromatic part of the oxindole led to compounds with subnanomolar binding affinities. Compound 4i (IC(50)=0.02 nM) was orally active at low doses and showed in vivo activity when orally administered,(More)
A series of tricyclic quinoxalinediones, 5,6-dihydro-1H-pyrrolo[1,2,3-de]quinoxaline-2,3-diones and 6,7-dihydro-1H,5H-pyrido[1,2,3-de]quinoxaline-2,3-diones, were synthesized and was evaluated for their affinity for the glycine binding site of the NMDA receptor using a [3H]-5,7-dichlorokynurenic acid binding assay. The six-membered ring-fused tricyclic(More)
SM-130686, an oxindole derivative, is a novel orally active GH secretagogue (GHS) which is structurally distinct from previously reported GHSs such as MK-677, NN703 and hexarelin. SM-130686 stimulates GH release from cultured rat pituitary cells in a dose-dependent manner. Half-maximum stimulation was observed at a concentration of 6.3+/-3.4 nM.(More)
A monoclonal antibody was developed, using cultured subepithelial fibroblasts of rat duodenal villi as the antigenic material, by in vitro immunization. Hybridomas were selected on cryosections of rat brain and small intestine using indirect immunofluorescence techniques. The monoclonal antibody, termed 8E1, was very useful to label GFAP-positive astrocytes(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is a potent fibrotic factor responsible for the synthesis of extracellular matrix (ECM) and is implicated as the major determinant in pathogenesis of chronic fibroses, including kidney. The novel small compound SMP-534 reduced ECM production induced by TGF-beta in fibroblast cells. SMP-534 inhibited(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Diabetic nephropathy is now the most common cause of end-stage renal disease. It is also clear that the current therapy, angiotensin II blockage, cannot prevent the progression of diabetic nephropathy. We had previously demonstrated that an antifibrotic agent, SMP-534, reduced extracellular matrix production induced by transforming growth(More)
Diabetic nephropathy is currently the most common cause of end-stage renal disease. Diabetic nephropathy patients, whether insulin dependent or not, develop fibrotic changes in glomeruli that manifest as overt nephropathy. Previously, we demonstrated that(More)
A series of tricyclic indole-2-carboxylic acid derivatives were synthesized and evaluated by the radioligand binding assay and the anticonvulsant effects in the mouse NMDA-induced seizure model. Among them, derivatives of 3S-(-)-4 such as 3a, 3f, and 3g which had certain zwitterionic anilides showed high affinity to the NMDA-glycine binding site. The(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Diabetic nephropathy is the main cause of end-stage renal disease. Previously we have demonstrated that SMP-534 (an antifibrotic agent) prevents the development of diabetic nephropathy in db/db mouse and that combined treatment with SMP-534 and losartan (antihypertensive agents) markedly prevents the development of diabetic nephropathy(More)