Ryu Fujikawa

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Previously, we have found that post-weaning mice fed exclusively milk display low-frequency exploratory behavior compared to mice fed a food pellet diet (Ishii et al., 2005a). Because cognitive functions play a key role in animal exploration, in the present study we examined the effect of an exclusively milk formula diet on spatial learning and memory in a(More)
The mesencephalic trigeminal sensory nucleus (Me5), which receives signals originating from oral proprioceptors, becomes active at weaning and contributes to the acquisition of active exploratory behavior [Ishii, T., Furuoka, H., Kitamura, N., Muroi, Y., and Nishimura, M. (2006) Brain Res. 1111, 153-161]. Because cognitive functions play a key role in(More)
We examined the fail-safe responses against low-dose botulinum intoxication (botulinum neurotoxin serotype A; 0.05 ng/35 g body weight) in electrically activated in vitro phrenic nerve-diaphragm preparations, since sustained ventilation is critical for the prognosis of clinical botulinum intoxication. At 0, 1, 2 and 4 wks after the peritoneal injection of(More)
AIMS Bovine lactoferrin (bLf) causes anchorage-independent cell growth in PC12 cells. The present study investigated the mechanisms involved in bLf-induced anchorage-independent cell growth and survival in PC12 cells. MAIN METHODS The number of adherent cells and suspended cells was estimated separately by using a methyl thiazol tetrazolium (MTT) assay,(More)
Botulinum neurotoxin serotype A (BoNT/A) inhibits acetylcholine release at the neuromuscular junction in isolated muscles, and ouabain can partially block its effect. However, it is not clear whether ouabain attenuates BoNT/A-induced neuromuscular paralysis in vivo. In this work, we investigated the effects of ouabain on BoNT/A-induced neuromuscular(More)
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