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The in vitro effects of synthetic salmon melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) on chromatophores of four teleost species were studied. In the erythrophores of the platyfish (Xiphophorus maculatus) and the swordtail (Xiphophorus helleri), and in the xanthophores and amelanotic melanophores of the medaka (Oryzias latipes), pigment aggregation took place in(More)
An increase in the concentration of Ca(2+) ions in the external medium ([Ca(2+)](o)) induced pigment aggregation in melanophores of three species of freshwater teleosts examined. Denervated melanophores were refractory to elevations of [Ca(2+)](o). The pigment-aggregating action was inhibited by the sympathetic blocking agents, phentolamine, prazosin and(More)
The types of innervation to integumental melanophores were surveyed comparatively within the order Siluriformes. In fish or many families, pigment aggregation within melanophores was found to be under the control of adrenergic sympathetic postganglionic fibers as in other fish. In silurid catfish, on the other hand, the cells were found to be regulated(More)
Using selective antagonists, including pirenzepine, adiphenine, AF-DX 116, gallamine, and 4-DAMP, we attempted to characterize the muscarinic cholinoceptors on the melanophores of the translucent glass catfish Kryptopterus bicirrhis and the mailed catfish Corydoras paleatus. The M3 receptor-selective antagonist, 4-DAMP, potently inhibited the(More)
Metastatic neuroblastoma cells in bone marrow aspirates were examined by the formaldehyde induced fluorescence histochemical method. With this method we could easily identify abnormal cells as metastatic neuroblastoma cells by observing catecholamine green colored fluorescence in their cytoplasma. This formaldehyde induced fluorescence histochemical method(More)
Like melanophores of many teleosts, those of the dark chub, Zacco temmincki, and the common minnow, Z. platypus (Cyprinidae, Cypriniformes) responded to norepinephrine (NE) by the aggregation of pigment. It was further found that some melanophores were responsive to acetylcholine (ACh) in the same way. The response to NE was blocked by an alpha-adrenergic(More)
Both acetylcholine and catecholamines showed melanin-aggregating action within melanophores on an isolated bony plate of the mailed catfish Corydoras paleatus. Chromatic nervous stimulation either by an electrical field or by an elevation of [K+]0 brought about melanosome aggregation. Alpha adrenolytic agents antagonized the melanin-aggregating effects(More)
The in vitro biological actions of synthetic chum salmon melanin concentrating hormone (MCH) on melanophores of the blue damselfish (a teleost), Chrysiptera cyanea, were studied. This cyclic heptadecapeptide stimulated melanosome (melanin granule) aggregation (centripetal migration) within melanophores at a threshold concentration of about 10(-10) M. The(More)
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