Ryouichi Banno

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Neuropeptide Y (NPY) in the arcuate nucleus is an orexigenic hormone of which levels are regulated by humoral as well as neural signals. In this study, we examined the regulation of NPY gene expression in the arcuate nucleus in hypothalamic organotypic cultures. Dexamethasone (DEX) (10(-9) to 10(-7) M) significantly increased NPY mRNA expression, and the(More)
Ghrelin, which was identified from the rat stomach, is a potent stimulant for food intake. Several lines of evidence suggest that the orexigenic action of ghrelin is mediated via the neuropeptide Y (NPY) neurons in the arcuate nucleus, although the detailed mechanisms by which ghrelin stimulates NPY neurons are not clear. In this study, we examined the gene(More)
Although acute decreases in plasma volume are known to enhance the osmotically induced arginine vasopressin (AVP) release, it is unclear whether there is also such interaction at the level of gene transcription. It also remains to be established how sustained changes in plasma volume affect the osmoregulation. In this study, we examined how acute and(More)
Effects of peripheral administration of melanotan II (MTII), a melanocortin agonist, on insulin sensitivity and glucose tolerance were examined in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats. Subcutaneous administration of MTII with osmotic mini-pumps decreased food intake and body weight in OLETF rats. MTII group showed more sensitivity to insulin(More)
Arginine vasopressin (AVP) in the parvocellular neurons of the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) is known to play an important role in the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis. In the present study, we examined how cAMP and glucocorticoids regulate AVP gene expression in the parvocellular neurons of the PVN in rat hypothalamic organotypic cultures with in situ(More)
The synthesis of arginine vasopressin (AVP) in the magnocellular neurons of the supraoptic (SON) and paraventricular nuclei (PVN) is physiologically regulated by plasma osmolality and volume. To clarify how the regulation of AVP gene transcription is affected by chronic dehydration, we examined changes in the transcriptional activities of AVP gene by plasma(More)
Peripheral administration of baclofen significantly reduced food intake and body weight increase in both diabetic (db/db) and diet-induced obese mice for 5 weeks, whereas it had no significant effects on energy balance in their lean control mice. Despite the decreased body weight, neuropeptide Y expression in the arcuate nucleus was significantly decreased,(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY), synthesized in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus, is one of the most potent orexigenic neuropeptides in the brain. The NPY neurons project to other hypothalamic nuclei, such as paraventricular nucleus (PVN), and it is reported that NPY contents in the PVN, but not NPY mRNA levels in the arcuate nucleus, decreased rapidly after(More)
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