Ryotaro Omichi

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Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAP kinases) are intracellular signaling kinases activated by phosphorylation in response to a variety of extracellular stimuli. Mammalian MAP kinase pathways are composed of three major pathways: MEK1 (mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 1)/ERK 1/2 (extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2)/p90 RSK (p90 ribosomal S6(More)
BACKGROUND Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) is expressed in upper airways, however, little is known regarding whether Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) signals exert a regulatory effect on the pathogenesis of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP), especially on eosinophilic inflammation. We sought to investigate the effect of Poly(IC), the ligand for TLR3,(More)
Central auditory processing disorder (CAPD) is a condition in which dysfunction in the central auditory system causes difficulty in listening to conversations, particularly under noisy conditions, despite normal peripheral auditory function. Central auditory testing is generally performed in patients with normal hearing on the pure tone audiogram (PTA).(More)
BACKGROUND Superficial siderosis is a rare disease that results from chronic bleeding in the subarachnoid space. Haemosiderin deposits throughout the subpial layers of the brain and spinal cord lead to progressive sensorineural hearing loss, which is seen in 95 per cent of patients with superficial siderosis. The impact of cochlear implantation on the(More)
CONCLUSION The prevalence of low-tone hearing loss (LTHL) is significantly high in spinocerebellar degeneration (SCD) with cerebellar predominance, including multiple-system atrophy C (MSA-C) and cortical cerebellar atrophy (CCA). OBJECTIVE This study aimed to test the hypothesis that SCD with cerebellar predominance, MSA-C and CCA may cause auditory(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is known to be associated with the pathogenesis of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). VEGF is produced by a variety of cells including fibroblasts. It was recently reported that prostaglandin (PG) E2 induces VEGF release by nasal polyp fibroblasts. However, little is known regarding(More)
AIM To elucidate molecular mechanisms of noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) and glucocorticoid therapy in the cochlea. BACKGROUND Glucocorticoids are used to treat many forms of acute sensorineural hearing loss, but their molecular action in the cochlea remains poorly understood. METHODS Dexamethasone was administered intraperitoneally immediately(More)
OBJECTIVES Early hearing detection and intervention (EHDI) is critical for achievement of age-appropriate speech perception and language development in hearing-impaired children. It has been 15 years since newborn hearing screening (NHS) was introduced in Japan, and its effectiveness for language development in hearing-impaired children has been extensively(More)
CONCLUSION Performance in consonant-vowel (CV) monosyllable speech perception after cochlear implantation (CI) in the elderly (≥ 65 years) is equivalent to that of young adults (18-64 years). Present data in the Japanese language supported the indication for CI in the elderly. Word recognition after CI was significantly lower in the elderly than young(More)
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